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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.27.2021.tde-26082021-230750
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Sette Whitaker Costa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2021
Supervisor
Committee
Goldberg, Sonia Salzstein (President)
Mesquita, Tiago dos Santos
Wisnik, Guilherme Teixeira
Title in Portuguese
 'Don?t touch, it?s art': considerações sobre a atividade do espectador no espaço do museu
Keywords in Portuguese
contemplação
espectador
museu
participação
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho pretende investigar a questão da "participação do público" nos novos museus de arte a partir de uma revisão bibliográfica de algumas leituras seminais sobre as transformações no lugar do espectador. As questões a serem abordadas partem de uma série de conceitos pressupostos na relação que, historicamente, o público entretém com o trabalho de arte. Veremos como a crítica contundente à ideia de contemplação, que se radicaliza a partir de meados do século XX, coloca na ordem do dia a noção de participação. Paralelamente, a própria concepção tradicional de museu parece não ser mais suficiente para descrever os grandes complexos artístico-culturais contemporâneos. Entendemos que há uma profunda transformação na esfera da cultura com o surgimento e proliferação de novas instituições de arte e cultura, desde a inauguração do Museu Nacional de Arte Moderna do Centro Georges Pompidou, que marca não só a aparição de novas formas de exibição das obras, como também insta ao surgimento de novas atitudes do público perante os acervos e exposições de arte em geral. Buscaremos propor um olhar para esses fenômenos contemporâneos a partir de leituras que apontem as tensões que já atravessavam o espaço do museu e atividade do espectador historicamente.
Title in English
-
Keywords in English
contemplation
museum
participation
spectator
Abstract in English
This work intends to investigate the question of "public participation" in the new art museums, based on a bibliographic review of some seminal readings on the transformations on the spectator's place. The issues to be addressed stem from a series of concepts presupposed in the relationship between the public and the artwork. We will discuss how the thorough criticism of the idea of contemplation, which takes a radical form from the middle of the 20th century onwards, puts the notion of participation on the spotlight. At the same time, the traditional conception of the museum itself seems to no longer be sufficient to describe the great contemporary artistic-cultural complexes. We consider that a profound transformation in the sphere of culture took place with the emergence and widespread of new artistic and cultural institutions, since the inauguration of the National Museum of Modern Art at the Georges Pompidou Center, which not only marks the appearance of new forms of exhibition of works, but also calls for the emergence of new attitudes from the public towards art collections and exhibitions in general. We will seek to propose a look upon these contemporary phenomena, based on readings that point out the tensions that were already running through the history of the museum space and the spectator's activity.
 
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Publishing Date
2021-08-27
 
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