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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.27.2018.tde-13092018-145951
Document
Author
Full name
Clara de Freitas Figueiredo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Martins, Luiz Renato (President)
Bahia, Dora Longo
Coggiola, Osvaldo Luis Angel
Mendez, Alvaro Gabriel Bianchi
Pacheco, Ana Paula Sá e Souza
Title in Portuguese
Fotografia: Entre Fato e Farsa (URSS - Itália, 1928-1934)
Keywords in Portuguese
cultura de massa
fascismo
fotografia
stalinismo
\"estetização da política\"
\"revolução passiva\"
Abstract in Portuguese
A presente investigação surgiu da constatação de entrecruzamentos entre os discursos visuais da Mostra da Revolução Fascista (Roma, 1932-34) e do pavilhão soviético na Exposição Internacional de Imprensa de Colônia (Alemanha, 1928). Tais entrecruzamentos - reforçados e consubstanciados por contatos concretos entre hierarcas do fascismo e do stalinismo - levaram, a partir dos materiais visuais selecionados, à investigação de problemáticas comuns aos dois regimes, como a industrialização acelerada tardia, a expansão produtiva e o culto do chefe. Nesse sentido, as reflexões de A. Gramsci e W. Benjamin acerca da "revolução passiva" e da "estetização da política", respectivamente, constituíram constructos crítico-teóricos cruciais no desenvolvimento reflexivo da investigação. O objetivo da pesquisa de doutorado, em síntese, foi examinar e refletir sobre o protagonismo da fotografia como instrumento de reprodução simbólica e dominação, tanto na Itália fascista e quanto na URSS stalinista.
Title in English
-
Keywords in English
"aestheticization of politics"
"passive revolution"
fascism
mass culture
photography
stalinism
Abstract in English
The present research emerged from the perception of intersections in the language field between the Exhibition of Fascist Revolution (Rome, 1932-1934) and the Soviet Pavilion at the International Press Exhibition (Cologne, 1928). These intersections - strengthened and substantiated by concrete interactions between Fascist and Stalinist hierarchs - lead also to a research, based in selected visual material, about common problems for both regimes such as a catch-up industrialization, production expansion and the cult of the leader´s personality. In this sense, Antonio Gramsci's reflections on the notion of "passive revolution" and Walter Benjamin's on the "aestheticization of politics" emerged as fundamental critical-theoretical contributions. In short, the aim of this doctoral research was to analyse and reflect about the protagonism of photography as an instrument for symbolic reproduction and domination, both in the Fascist Italy and in the Stalinist URSS.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-09-13
 
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