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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2017.tde-16082017-171053
Document
Author
Full name
Eduardo Stedile Fiamoncini
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Gonçales, Eduardo Sanches (President)
Carreira, Daniela Gamba Garib
Curi, Marcos Martins
Pereira Filho, Valfrido Antonio
Title in Portuguese
Análise tridimensional tomográfica das dimensões da cavidade nasal e do espaço aéreo nasal e faríngeo superior de indivíduos submetidos à expansão da maxila cirurgicamente assistida
Keywords in Portuguese
Cavidade nasal
Técnica de expansão palatina
Tomografia computadorizada por raios x
Abstract in Portuguese
A expansão da maxila cirurgicamente assistida (EMCA) tem como principal objetivo o aumento da dimensão transversal da arcada dentária superior em indivíduos com atresia maxilar. Seus efeitos não são restritos à maxila, atuando também sobre a cavidade nasal e espaço aéreo faríngeo. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de avaliar a ocorrência de alterações dimensionais da cavidade nasal e no espaço aéreo nasal e faríngeo superior em indivíduos submetidos a expansão maxilar cirurgicamente assistida, por meio de 2 osteotomias diferentes. As estruturas do espaço aéreo nasal e faríngeo foram analisadas por meio de tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico pré e pós-operatórias de 29 indivíduos adultos, submetidos à expansão de maxila cirurgicamente assistida. Mensuração volumétrica do espaço aéreo nasal e faríngeo superior e medidas lineares das dimensões da cavidade nasal foram realizadas por meio do uso do software Dolphin Imaging 11,7. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e submetidos à análise estatística pelos testes de variância ANOVA e Tukey (p<0,05). Os resultados mostraram que ambas as osteotomias foram eficazes na correção da deficiência transversal da maxila e apresentaram efeitos semelhantes sobre a cavidade nasal e o espaço aéreo faríngeo. Foi verificado aumento de volume do espaço aéreo faríngeo, também na região da hipofaringe. Além disso observou-se que a EMCA promove um aumento na largura do assoalho da cavidade nasal após a expansão, e, consequentemente aumento no volume do espaço aéreo nasal.
Title in English
Three-dimensional tomographic analysis of the dimensions of the nasal cavity and nasal and upper pharyngeal airway space in subjects submitted to surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion
Keywords in English
Nasal cavity
Palatal expansion technique
Tomography, X-ray computed
Abstract in English
The main objective of the surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) is to increase the transversal dimension of the upper dental arch in individuals with maxillary atresia. Its effects are not restricted to the maxilla, also acting on the nasal cavity and pharyngeal airway. The present study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of dimensional changes in the nasal cavity and nasal and upper pharyngeal airway space in individuals submitted to surgically assisted maxillary expansion using 2 different osteotomies. Nasal and pharyngeal airway space structures were analyzed by pre-and post-operative cone beam computed tomography scans of 29 adult subjects submitted to surgically assisted maxillary expansion. Volumetric measurement of the nasal and upper pharyngeal airway and linear measurements of the nasal cavity were performed using Dolphin Imaging 11,7 software. The data were tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis by ANOVA analysis of variance and Tukey test (p <0,05). The results showed that both osteotomies were effective in correcting the transverse maxillary deficiency and presented similar effects on the nasal cavity and pharyngeal airway space. There was an increase in the volume of pharyngeal airway, also observed in the hypopharynx region. In addition, it was observed that SARME promotes an increase in the floor width of the nasal cavity after expansion, and, consequently, an increase in nasal airway volume.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-08-22
 
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