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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.25.2013.tde-11112013-165304
Document
Author
Full name
Cláudia Ramos Pinheiro
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Campanelli, Ana Paula (President)
Bernardineli, Norberti
Costa, Maria Renata Sales Nogueira
Nishiyama, Celso Kenji
Torres, Sergio Aparecido
Title in Portuguese
Reconhecimento de Candida albicans por fibroblastos murinos: envolvimento de receptores de reconhecimento de patógenos (TLR2 e CD14) e a proteína adaptadora MyD88
Keywords in Portuguese
Candida albicans
Citocinas
Fibroblastos
Receptores do tipo Toll
Abstract in Portuguese
Os tecidos pulpar e periodontal são frequentemente agredidos por fatores ambientais como calor, trauma mecânico e micro-organismos, sendo estes considerados o fator etiológico principal das periodontopatias e periapicopatias. Dentre as células residentes desses tecidos, especial atenção tem sido dada ao papel dos fibroblastos no desenvolvimento da resposta imune. Fibroblastos são células que respondem à estímulos microbianos e existem evidências do papel de receptores do tipo Toll (TLR) no reconhecimento desses estímulos. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal avaliar o reconhecimento de Candida albicans por fibroblastos gengivais e pulpares. Para tal, fibroblastos isolados a partir de tecido gengival e pulpar de camundongos do grupo controle e deficientes de TLR2, CD14 e MyD88 foram avaliados quanto à expressão de TLRs e moléculas de superfície, resposta proliferativa e produção de citocinas (TGF-β, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-13 e IL-6), após a estimulação com agonistas de TLR2, TLR4 e C. albicans. Fibroblastos gengivais e pulpares, apesar de provenientes de tecidos diferentes, apresentaram características morfológicas semelhantes. Contudo, a cinética de crescimento dos fibroblastos gengivais deficientes de MyD88 foi mais lenta, e fibroblastos pulpares demoraram mais tempo para surgir a partir dos fragmentos de tecido. A ausência de TLR2 e da molécula adaptadora MyD88 não afetaram a produção de colágeno Tipo I pelos fibroblastos gengivais. Entretanto, fibroblastos deficientes de CD14 apresentaram baixa produção de colágeno. Ademais, os fibroblastos gengivais expressaram TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, assim como as moléculas de adesão ICAM-1 e CD44. A ausência de TLR2 e CD14 interferiu na resposta proliferativa de fibroblastos gengivais e pulpares, respectivamente. O reconhecimento de C. albicans por fibroblastos gengivais e pulpares modulou a produção das citocinas. A produção de TNF-α foi dependente da sinalização via MyD88, CD14 e TLR2, enquanto que a produção de IL-1β e IL-13 foi dependente de TLR2.
Keywords in English
Candida albicans
Citokynes
Fibroblasts
Toll like receptors (TLR)
Abstract in English
Pulpal and periapical tissue are frequently injured by heat, mechanical trauma and microorganisms, which are considered the main etiological factor of periodontal and endodontic diseases. Among these tissue resident cells, special attention has been given to fibroblasts in the immune response. Fibroblasts are cells that recognize pathogens through Toll like receptors (TLR). The aim of this study was to evaluate the recognition of Candida albicans by pulpal and gingival fibroblasts from TLR2, CD14, MyD88 knockout mice and control group mice. The results were analyzed concerning the expression of TLR(s) and surface molecules, proliferative response and citokynes production (TGF-β, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-13 e IL-6) after the cells stimulation with TLR2, TLR4 and C.albicans agonists. Gingival and Pulpal fibroblasts, even isolated from different tissue, showed morphological similarities; however, gingival fibroblast deficient of MyD88 show lower proliferative response and pulpa l fibroblasts needed more time to detach from tissue fragments. The production of Type I collagen was affected in gingival cells deficient of CD14. Gingival fibroblasts expressed TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, and the adhesion molecules (ICAM-1 and CD44). The absence of TLR2 and CD14 interfered with the proliferative response of pulpal and gingival fibroblasts, respectively. The recognition of C. albicans by gingival and pulpal fibroblasts modulated the citokynes production. TNF-α production after the recognition of C. albicans was dependent from MyD88, CD14 and TLR2 molecules, whereas the production of IL-1β and IL-13 was dependent of TLR2.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-11-12
 
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