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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.25.2010.tde-02062011-102533
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Claudia de Araujo Pires
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Ferreira Júnior, Osny (President)
Carvalho, Paulo Sergio Perri de
Mendes, Vanessa Cristina
Rosa, Adalberto Luiz
Souza, Sergio Luis Scombatti de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação de uma nova matriz tridimensional no processo de reparo de alvéolos dentários em humanos para preservação do rebordo alveolar
Keywords in Portuguese
Alvéolo dental
Reabsorção óssea
Substituto ósseo
Abstract in Portuguese
A preservação da arquitetura óssea alveolar, durante o processo de reparo do alvéolo dentário após exodontias, é um grande desafio clínico. É esperado que 40 a 60% do volume ósseo alveolar inicial sejam perdidos nos primeiros seis meses. O OsteoScaf é um novo substituto ósseo, desenvolvido pela Universidade de Toronto e representa uma alternativa promissora para a manutenção da integridade óssea alveolar nesse cenário. Esse material é uma matriz tridimensional trifásica reabsorvível e osteocondutiva, composta por ácido polilático-co-glicólico e duas fases de fosfato de cálcio reabsorvível. Com o objetivo de avaliar se o OsteoScaf poderia reduzir a perda óssea durante a fase de reparação/remodelação alveolar após a exodontia, quando comparado com o controle (apenas coágulo sanguíneo), foram implantados cilindros desse material (com duas porosidades diferentes - poros grandes e poros pequenos) em alvéolos de dentes anteriores superiores humanos, imediatamente após a exodontia. Dez pacientes (32 alvéolos) fizeram parte deste estudo, onde 16 alveólos receberam o implante de OsteoScaf e 16 foram usados como controle. Foram feitas tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico (TCFC) imediatamente após a exodontia e também aos 120 dias pós-operatóro, quando foram realizadas biópsias ósseas analisadas por microtomografia computadorizada (microTC) e microscopia. A análise quantitativa das microTCs mostraram mais trabéculas ósseas e menor espaço entre elas, com OsteoScaf de poros menores. A análise quantitativa das TCFC indicou menor perda óssea no grupo experimental, principalmente o OsteoScafTM de poros maiores. A avaliação qualitativa dos cortes histológicos mostrou neoformação óssea justaposta ao material, demonstrando sua natureza osteocondutiva. Nossas observações mostraram que o OsteoScaf (de poros pequenos ou grandes) reduziu a perda óssea alveolar durante o processo de reparação/remodelação óssea pós-exodôntica, aos 120 dias de pós-operatório, em humanos. Essa pesquisa recebeu apoio financeiro da CAPES (Brasil) e TRT (Canadá).
Title in English
Investigation of a novel scaffold in the healing of extraction sockets in humans to alveolar bone preservation
Keywords in English
Bone resorption
Bone substitutes
Tooth socket
Abstract in English
Preserving alveolar bone architecture during socket healing is a significant clinical challenge. It is expected that 40% to 60% of the initial alveolar bone volume will be lost up to 6 months after tooth extraction. OsteoScaf is a novel bone substitute material developed at the University of Toronto and represents a promising alternative for maintaining alveolar bone integrity in this clinical scenario. It is a resorbable, osteoconductive, 3-phase composite scaffold comprising poly(lactide-co-glycolide) and 2 osteoclast-resorbable calcium phosphate phases. Our hypothesis was that OsteoScaf lithomorphs (10x3mm cylinders), placed in fresh extraction sockets, would reduce post-extraction bone loss compared to sockets with coagulum alone (control). Thus, we placed OsteoScaf (of two different porosities small and large pores) in fresh extraction sockets of maxillary anterior teeth in humans. A total of 10 patients (32 sockets) were included in the study, of which 16 sockets were grafted with OsteoScaf and 16 were used as control. Cone Beam Computer Tomography (CBCT) was performed both immediately following extraction and also at 120 days postoperatively, at which time biopsy samples were also harvested for micro computer tomography (µCT) and histological analyses. Quantitative analysis of the µCT showed more bone trabeculae and smaller trabecular separation in the experimental group than control, specifically with small pore scaffolds. In addition, quantitative analysis of CBCT showed less bone resorption in the OsteoScafTM groups, especially with the large pore scaffolds. Qualitative histological analysis showed new bone tissue in direct apposition to the scaffold demonstrating its osteoconductive nature. Our observations showed that the OsteoScafTM groups (small and large pores) reduced alveolar bone loss after 120 days of socket healing in humans. Grants: CAPES (Brazil) and TRT (Canada).
 
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Publishing Date
2011-06-03
 
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