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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2012.tde-04062013-154757
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael Mansano de Castro Lara
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Greghi, Sebastiao Luiz Aguiar (President)
Damante, Carla Andreotti
Resende, Daniel Romeu Benchimol de
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos do tratamento químico na descontaminação de superfícies de implantes metálicos: estudo microscópico em subcutâneos de ratos
Keywords in Portuguese
Ácido cítrico
Descontaminação
EDTA
Implante dentário
Tetraciclina
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do tratamento químico com ácido cítrico, tetraciclina, EDTA e ácido fosfórico em discos de titânio de superfícies lisas e rugosas, após serem contaminados por biofilme bacteriano humano, e inseridos no tecido conjuntivo subcutâneo de ratos. Utilizou-se 180 discos de titânio, sendo 90 lisos e 90 rugosos, que foram colocados em 19 placas de acrílico utilizadas por voluntários durante 7 dias. Estes discos foram divididos em 12 grupos contendo 15 discos cada um: Grupo 1L: 15 discos lisos tratados com ácido cítrico; Grupo 1R: 15 discos rugosos tratados com ácido cítrico; Grupo 2L: 15 discos lisos tratados com tetraciclina ácida; Grupo 2R: 15 discos rugosos tratados com tetraciclina ácida; Grupo 3L: 15 discos lisos tratados com EDTA; Grupo 3R: 15 discos rugosos tratados com EDTA; Grupo 4L: 15 discos lisos tratados com ácido fosfórico; Grupo 4R: 15 discos rugosos tratados com ácido fosfórico; Grupo CL: 15 discos lisos que não receberam descontaminação (controle positivo liso); Grupo CR: 15 discos rugosos que não receberam descontaminação (controle positivo rugoso); Grupo EL: 15 discos lisos que não foram contaminados (controle negativo liso) e Grupo ER: 15 discos rugosos que não foram contaminados (controle negativo rugoso). Estes discos foram implantados no subcutâneo de ratos, os quais foram sacrificados após 7, 28 ou 84 dias. Foi realizada a avaliação microscópica descritiva e quantitativa do tecido conjuntivo formado nestes ratos. Foram avaliadas as médias das espessuras das cápsulas, a densidade de fibroblastos e de neutrófilos nos 3 períodos de tempo. Os resultados mostraram diferença na densidade de neutrófilos principalmente aos 7 dias e o ácido fosfórico mostrou os melhores resultados neste período, e ao final de 84 dias todos os tratamentos apresentaram resultados similares inclusive com relação ao grupo controle contaminado. Com relação à rugosidade os discos de superfícies lisas, apresentaram menor média na espessura da cápsula comparandose com os discos de superfícies rugosas, talvez demonstrando um aspecto de maior biocompatibilidade da superfície lisa após receber o tratamento de descontaminação, o que sugeriria maior efetividade na descontaminação dos protótipos lisos.
Title in English
Effects of chemical treatment of surfaces in decontamination of metallic implants: microscopic study in subcutaneous rats
Keywords in English
Citric acid
Dental implantation
Descontamination
Edetic acid
Tetracycline
Abstract in English
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of treatment with citric acid, tetracycline, EDTA and phosphoric acid in titanium disks in smooth and roughened surfaces contaminated by bacterial biofilms in the connective tissue of rats. One hundred eighty titanium disks were used; 90 smooth surfaces and 90 roughened titanium surfaces, which were placed in 19 acrylic plates that were used by volunteers for 7 days. These disks were divided into 12 groups containing 15 disks each; Group 1L: 15 smooth disks were treated with citric acid; Group 1R: 15 roughened disks were treated with citric acid; Group 2L: 15 smooth disks were treated with tetracycline acid; Group 2R: 15 roughened disks were treated with tetracycline rough acid; Group 3L: 15 smooth disks were treated with EDTA; Group 3R: 15 roughened disks were treated with EDTA; Group 4L: 15 smooth disks were treated with phosphoric acid; Group 4R: 15 roughened disks were treated with phosphoric acid; Group CL: 15 smooth disks received no econtamination (smooth positive control); CR: 15 roughened disks did not receive decontamination (roughened positive control); EL: 15 smooth disks were not infected (smooth negative control) and ER: 15 roughened disks were not infected (roughened negative control). These disks were implanted subcutaneously in rats that were sacrificed after 7, 28 or 84 days. A descriptive and quantitative microscopic evaluation was performed. The average thickness of the capsules and the density of fibroblasts and neutrophils in three time periods were evaluated. The results showed differences in the density of neutrophilis mainly at 7 days and phosphoric acid showed the best results in this period, and at the end of 84 days, all treatments showed similar results even with the control group infected. In relation to the roughness, the smooth disks had a lower average capsule thickness compared with roughened disks, perhaps demonstrating an aspect of greater biocompatibility smooth surface, which would suggest greater effectiveness in decontamination of smooth disks.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-06-06
 
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