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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.25.2007.tde-17102007-095327
Document
Author
Full name
Roberta Dias Garcia
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Bramante, Clóvis Monteiro (President)
Garlet, Gustavo Pompermaier
Yamashita, José Carlos
Title in Portuguese
Estudo do processo evolutivo do reparo ósseo frente ao implante de osso bovino inorgânico e de hidroxiapatita BTCP: análise microscópica em avéolos dentários de ratos
Keywords in Portuguese
Hidroxiapatita
Osso bovino inorgânico
Reparo ósseo
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho avaliou, comparativamente, os fenômenos evolutivos do processo de reparo em alvéolos de ratos preenchidos, após a extração dental, com biomateriaiscomo o osso medular bovino inorgânico, microgranular (0,25-1,00mm) e a hidroxiapatita BTCP densa, sintética, microgranular (0,25-1,00mm), na proporção de 70% de HA e 30% de BTCP. Foram utilizados 48 ratos divididos em 3 grupos, sendo: 12 ratos, grupo I (controle), cujo coágulo sanguíneo serviu de controle; 18 ratos, grupo II (experimental), que receberam o implante de microgrânulos de osso bovino inorgânico e 18 ratos, grupo III (experimental), com implante de microgrânulos de hidroxiapatita, seguido da sutura. Após 7, 15 e 30 dias póscirúrgico, os animais foram mortos, e a hemimaxila direita, contendo o alvéolo dentário em estudo, foi removida. As peças foram desmineralizadas em EDTA, processadas e incluídas em parafina. Foram obtidos cortes de 6 µm de espessura, os quais foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina. Foram feitas análises microscópica descritiva e quantitativa, a qual teve como parâmetros os critérios: infiltrado inflamatório, densidade fibroblástica, densidade angioblástica e neoformação óssea. Os resultados, submetidos aos testes estatístico de Kruskal-Wallis e de Dunn, demonstraram que a HA-BTCP e o osso medular bovino inorgânico desempenharam, igualmente, as funções osteopreenchedora e osteocondutora no processo de reparo alveolar, nos períodos de 7, 15 e 30 dias.
Title in English
Study of the evolution process of bone repair in face of the implant of inorganic bovine bone and of ?TCP hydroxyapatite: microscopic analysis in rat dental alveoli
Keywords in English
Bone repair
Hydroxyapatite
Inorganic bovine bone
Abstract in English
This study comparatively evaluated the evolution phenomena of the process of repairs in rat filled alveoli after dental extraction, with biomaterials such as microgranular (2,25-1,00mm) inorganic bovine medullar bone, and dense microgranular (0,25-1,00mm) synthetic BTCP hydroxyapatite, at the rate of 70% of HA and 30% of BTCP. Forty-eight rats were divided in 3 groups: 12 rats in group I (control), whose blood clot served as control; 18 rats in group II (experimental) that received the microgranular inorganic bovine bone implant and 18 rats in group III (experimental) with microgranular implant of hydroxyapatite followed by suture. Animals were killed 7, 15, and 30 days after surgery and the right hemimaxilla containing the dental alveolus in study was removed. The pieces were demineralized in EDTA, processed and inserted in paraffin. Slots of 6µm of width were obtained and dyed with hematoxylin and eosin. Descriptive and quantitative microscopic analyses were done based on the following criteria: inflammatory infiltration, fibroblastic density, angioblastic density and bone neo-formation. Results were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn statistic tests and demonstrated that HA- BTCP and the inorganic bovine medullar bone present similar performance in terms of bonefilling and osteoconduction functions in the process of alveolar repair in the time spans of 7, 15, and 30 days.
 
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RobertaDiasGarcia.pdf (2.59 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-10-17
 
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