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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.25.2011.tde-21032012-160714
Document
Author
Full name
Leandro de Moura Martins
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Bauru, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Bonfante, Gerson (President)
Adabo, Gelson Luiz
Francisconi, Paulo Afonso Silveira
Pegoraro, Luiz Fernando
Silva, Nelson Renato Franca Alves da
Title in Portuguese
Confiabilidade de coroas de dissilicato de lítio com diferentes espessuras sob fadiga
Keywords in Portuguese
Cerâmicas
Coroa dentária
Fadiga
Abstract in Portuguese
Para avaliar a confiabilidade à fadiga de coroas de dissilicato de lítio E.max CAD, com 1mm (monolítica) e 2mm de espessura, foi realizado um preparo para coroa total de um primeiro molar inferior com redução de 1 e 2mm. Réplicas em resina composta do preparo baseado em desenho auxiliado pelo computador (CAD) foram posicionadas em um articulador odontológico para fabricação dos corpos de prova. As coroas monolíticas de 1mm de dissilicato de lítio CAD/CAM (DLM) e coroas de 2.0mm, com 1,5mm de espessura vestibular de dissilicato de lítio CAD/CAM e recoberta com 0.5mm de porcelana (DLV), foram comparadas com coroas de zircônia (Y-TZP) e metalocerâmica (MC). As réplicas de resina composta foram envelhecidas em água por 30 dias e todas coroas cimentadas com cimento resinoso. Após cimentadas, todos os corpos de prova foram envelhecidos em água por 7 dias e testados com carga única ou com fadiga acelerada progressiva. As cargas foram posicionadas na cúspide mésiovestibular (n=21 para cada sistema cerâmico). A probabilidade Weibull e os gráficos de probabilidade (Alta Pro, Reliasoft) foram calculados (Best data fit QCP) e plotados. A evolução da trinca foi acompanhada e os espécimes analisados após o teste. A menor confiabilidade foi observada para o grupo Y-TZP e não houve diferença estatística entre o grupo MC, DLM e DLV. O grupo DLV demonstrou a maior resistência característica (Eta). O modo de fratura do grupo Y-TZP foi a fratura da porcelana de cobertura sem exposição da infraestrutura. O grupo MC apresentou fraturas da porcelana com exposição do metal. Enquanto os grupos DLM e DLV tiveram fraturas catastróficas. Os grupos DLM e DLV apresentaram uma resposta à fadiga semelhante à do grupo MC e melhor que o grupo Y-TZP.
Title in English
Reliability of lithium disilicate crowns with different thickness under fatigue
Keywords in English
Ceramics
Dental crown
Fatigue
Abstract in English
To evaluate the fatigue reliability of monolithic 1mm and thinly veneered 2mm E.max CAD crowns. A preparation reduction of 1 and 2mm for a full crown was made on a first lower molar. The CAD-based preparation was replicated and positioned in a dental articulator for specimen fabrication. Monolithic 1mm lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns (DLM) and a 2mm lithium disilicate CAD/CAM with 1.5 mm thick at buccal aspect veneered with 0.5 mm thick of porcelain were compared to zirconia based (Y-TZP) and metaloceramic (MC) crowns. All composite dies were 30-day aged and all crowns were resin cemented to composite dies. After luting, all specimens were aged for 7 days in water and either single loaded to failure or step-stress fatigue tested. Loads were positioned on mesial-buccal cusp (n=21 for each ceramic system). Probability Weibull and Use level probability curves (Alta Pro, Reliasoft) were calculated (Best data fit QCP) and plotted. Crack evolution was followed and specimens were analyzed postmortem. Lower reliability was observed for Y-TZP group and no statistical difference was observed between MC and DLM e DLV groups. DLV group showed the highest characteristic strength (Eta). Fracture mode for Y-TZP group was veneer chipping without core exposition. MC fractures were mostly chipping with metal coping exposure. While the failure for DLM and DLV groups were bulk fracture. Groups DLM and DLV resulted in fatigue response of lithium disilicate comparable to MC and higher than Y-TZP.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-03-26
 
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