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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2016.tde-24052016-114506
Document
Author
Full name
Patricia Veronica Aulestia Viera
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Rocha, Rodney Garcia (President)
Borsatti, Maria Aparecida
Gontijo, Sávio Morato de Lacerda
Title in Portuguese
Complexação de guaiacol com ß-ciclodextrina para tratamento de alveolite seca: avaliação in vitro e in vivo
Keywords in Portuguese
Alvéolo seco
Ciclodextrina
Guaiacol
Abstract in Portuguese
A alveolite seca (AS) é uma das complicações pós-operatórias mais comuns e sintomáticas na odontologia, porém, até o momento não há um protocolo de tratamento definido. O composto fenólico guaiacol (Gu) é um dos materiais utilizados para revestimento intra-alveolar devido às suas propriedades analgésicas, antioxidantes e antimicrobianas. Contudo, sua desvantagem é a dificuldade de manipulação decorrente da sua baixa estabilidade, alta volatilidade e sensibilidade à oxidação. Para melhorar suas propriedades e aumentar sua aplicabilidade clínica, um complexo de inclusão de Gu com ß-ciclodextrina (ßcd) foi desenvolvido. A formação do complexo supramolecular de Gu:ßcd foi caracterizada mediante a ressonância magnética nuclear (RMN), nos experimentos de 1H e 2D ROESY. A atividade antibacteriana do Gu e Gu:ßcd frente a Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis e Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans foi analisada pelo método da microdiluição e sua citotoxicidade em osteoblastos de calvária de rato, foi estudado com o ensaio do MTT. O processo de reparo alveolar induzido pelo Gu:ßcd foi avaliado histologicamente após tratamento de alveolite seca em molares inferiores de ratos. A RMN mostrou correlações espaciais entre os hidrogênios internos (H3 e H5) da ßcd e os hidrogênios aromáticos, H(a) e H(b) do Gu, confirmando a formação do complexo. A complexação do Gu na ßcd potencializou seu efeito antibacteriano e reduziu sua citotoxicidade em osteoblastos. O estudo in vivo evidenciou a ocorrência de ossificação no ápice alveolar dos ratos tratados com Gu:ßcd, no 7o dia. No 14o dia, as trabéculas ósseas ocuparam também o terço médio do alvéolo e no 21o dia, todo o alvéolo se encontrava preenchido por osso neoformado. Estes resultados foram similares ao controle negativo e superiores ao controle positivo (Alvogyl®). Os benefícios obtidos pela inclusão do Gu na ßcd foram demonstrados pela melhora das propriedades biológicas do Gu in vitro e o adequado reparo alveolar in vivo.
Title in English
ß-cyclodextrin complexation of guaiacol for the treatment of dry socket: in vitro and in vivo evaluation
Keywords in English
Cyclodextrin
Dry socket
Guaiacol
Abstract in English
Dry socket is one of the most common and symptomatic complications in dentistry, however, there is still not a settled treatment for this condition. The phenolic compound guaiacol (Gu) is one of several alveolar dressings used in dry socket because it has analgesic, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Nevertheless, its disadvantage is the difficulty of manipulation due to its low stability, high volatility and sensitivity to oxidation. To improve its properties and increase its clinical applicability, an inclusion complex of Gu with ß-cyclodextrin (ßcd) was developed. The Gu:ßcd supramolecular complex was characterized by Nuclear Magnetic Ressonance (NMR), in the 1H and 2D ROESY experiments. The antibacterial activity of Gu and Gu:ßcd over Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was analyzed using the microdilution method and its cytotoxicity in rat calvaria-derived osteoblast was evaluated with the MTT assay. The alveolus repair process induced by Gu:ßcd was histologically studied after the treatment of dry socket in rat mandibular molars. The NMR showed spatial correlations between internal hydrogens (H3 and H5) of ßcd and aromatic hydrogens, H(a) and H(b), of Gu confirming the inclusion complex formation. Gu:ßcd complex potentiated Gu antibacterial effect and reduced its cytotoxicity in osteoblasts. The in vivo study revealed that ossification occurred in the alveolar apex of rats treated with Gu:ßcd, by day 7. In the 14th day, the trabecular bone occupied the apical and middle thirds of the socket and on the 21st day, the entire alveolus was filled by newly formed bone. These results were similar to the negative control and superior to the positive control (AlvogylTM). Benefits gained from inclusion of Gu in cyclodextrin have been particularly demonstrated by the improvement in Gu biological properties in vitro and the appropriate alveolus repair in vivo.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-06-23
 
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