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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2016.tde-30092016-170403
Document
Author
Full name
Wellington Hideaki Yanaguizawa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Motta, Ana Carolina Fragoso (President)
Alves, Monica Ghislaine Oliveira
Gallo, Camila de Barros
Tobouti, Priscila Lie
Title in Portuguese
Expressão gênica do receptor Toll-like 2 e pesquisa das variantes rs1898830 e rs4696480 em pacientes com líquen plano oral
Keywords in Portuguese
Doenças imunomediadas
Expressão gênica
Líquen plano oral
Polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único
Receptores Toll-like
Abstract in Portuguese
O Líquen Plano Oral (LPO) é uma doença inflamatória crônica que pode apresentar quadros sintomáticos por longos períodos, afetando a qualidade de vida dos portadores desta doença. Sua etiologia ainda é desconhecida, desse modo os tratamentos disponíveis atualmente se restringem ao controle dos períodos sintomáticos. Acredita-se que a patogênese do LPO possa estar relacionada com alterações imunológicas e genéticas que levam a uma aberrante ativação das vias de sinalização dos receptores Toll-like (TLR). O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a expressão do TLR2 e duas variantes genéticas deste receptor (rs1898830 e rs4696480) em estudo caso-controle envolvendo 91 amostras de pacientes com LPO e 83 amostras de indivíduos controles, pareados por sexo e idade. Não foram observadas diferenças na expressão do TLR2 entre grupo caso e controle, e nenhuma das variantes avaliadas foi relacionada com relação de risco para o desenvolvimento de LPO. Poucos estudos avaliaram os TLR no LPO, e os dados da literatura sugerem que a cronicidade da lesão e alterações na tolerância oral poderiam estar associadas a resposta imunológica via TLR2, que apresenta sua expressão inalterada no LPO, de forma que estudos mais aprofundados são necessários para se confirmar a real participação deste grupo de receptores no LPO.
Title in English
Gene expression of Toll-like receptor 2 and search the variants rs1898830 and rs4696480 in patients with oral lichen planus
Keywords in English
Gene expression
Oral lichen planus
Single nucleotide polymorphism
Toll-like receptors
Abstract in English
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease, which can be symptomatic for long periods, affecting the patient quality of life. LPO etiology still unknown, thus the treatments currently available are limited to symptomatic period. Probably the pathogenesis of OLP is related to immunological and genetic changes that provide aberrant Toll-like receptors (TLR) signaling. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of TLR2 and two genetic variants of this receptor (rs1898830 and rs4696480) in a case-control study involving 91 samples from OLP patients and 83 samples from control subjects, matched for age and sex. No differenc es were observed in TLR2 expression between case and control groups, and neither of the variants was associated with an increased risk ratio for LPO development. Few studies have been conducted on TLR and OLP, and the literature suggests that the chronicity of the lesion in addition to the changes in oral tolerance may be associated with immune response through TLR2 stimulation, which shows unchanged expression in LPO. Further studies are required to confirm the actual participation of this group of receptors in OLP.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-10-18
 
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