• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2011.tde-20092011-171851
Document
Author
Full name
Karina Monteleone Lachowski
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Sobral, Maria Angela Pita (President)
Atta, Maria Teresa
Garone Netto, Narciso
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da radiopacidade de materiais odontológicos indicados como base e forramento de restaurações. Análise através da radiografia digital
Keywords in Portuguese
Cimento de hidróxido de cálcio
Cimento de ionômero de vidro
Radiografia digital
Radiopacidade
Resina composta flow
Abstract in Portuguese
A radiopacidade é um importante pré-requisito para materiais utilizados como base e forramento de restaurações, pois possibilita que o profissional identifique a presença do material e permita sua diferenciação com a estrutura dental adjacente. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a radiopacidade de materiais indicados como base e forramento e comparar com a radiopacidade do esmalte, dentina e escala de alumínio. Para isso, foram analisadas 16 marcas comerciais de cimento de ionômero de vidro, 8 marcas de resina composta flow e 4 marcas de cimento de hidróxido de cálcio. Foram confeccionados três conjuntos de três corpos de prova de 4 mm de diâmetro, com espessuras de 1, 2 e 3 mm para cada cimento de ionômero de vidro e resina composta flow e de 1 mm para cada cimento de hidróxido de cálcio. Foram feitas secções transversais de coroas de três terceiros molares humanos para obtenção de espécimes de esmalte e dentina com espessura de 1, 2 e 3 mm. Como controle, uma escala de alumínio padrão com nove degraus de espessura foi utilizada. As tomadas radiográficas foram feitas com o sistema digital RVG 5000 Kodak (Kodak Company, França) e tempo de exposição de 0.32 segundos. As imagens obtidas foram trabalhadas no programa Image Tool® para obtenção dos valores médios de cinza. A análise estatística ANOVA, seguida pelo teste de Tukey (p0.05) detectou diferenças consideráveis entre os materiais da mesma categoria e entre as espessuras. Algumas marcas comerciais apresentaram radiopacidade inadequada segundo as normas ISO 4049 e 9917 (Ionomaster, Maxxion, Bioglass R, Bioglass F, Vidrion R e Vidrion F), apresentando radiopacidade inferior à da dentina, insuficiente para um correto diagnóstico. Todas as resinas compostas flow e cimentos de hidróxido de cálcio estudados apresentam radiopacidade superior a da dentina. As marcas comerciais Vitro Fil, Magic Glass, Vitrebond, Riva SC, Riva LC, Fill Magic, Opallis, Surefil Tetric N, Tetric, Hydro C, Hydcal e Liner apresentaram radiopacidade igual ou superior a do esmalte, em todas as espessuras. De um modo geral, o aumento de espessura dos materiais estudados aumenta significativamente sua radiopacidade. Conclui-se que existem materiais indicados como base e forramento de restaurações com radiopacidade inadequada para serem detectados radiograficamente.
Title in English
Study of the radiopacity of dental materials used as base and liner of restorations. Analysis by digital radiographic
Keywords in English
Calcium hydroxide cement
Digital radiography
Flowable resin composite
Glass ionomer cement
Radiopacity
Abstract in English
Radiopacity is an important pre-requisite for base and liner materials, once it allows the professional to identify the presence of the material and makes its differentiation from the adjacent tooth structure possible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity of liner and base materials and compare to the radiopacity of enamel, dentin and aluminum stepwedge. For this, 16 glass ionomer cements, 8 flowable resin composites and 4 calcium hydroxide cements were analysed. It was prepared three sets of three test specimens with 4 mm in diameter and thicknesses of 1, 2 and 3 mm for each glass ionomer cement and flowable composite and 1 mm for each calcium hydroxide cement. Cross sections were made from crowns of three third molars to obtain specimens of enamel and dentin with thickness of 1, 2 and 3 mm. As a control, a standard aluminum stepwedge with nine steps was used. Radiographs were taken with digital Kodak RVG 5000 (Kodak Company, France) and exposure time of 0.32 seconds. The images were analysed through the program Image Tool ® to obtain the mean grey values. Statistical test ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p 0.05) detected significant differences between the materials of the same category and between the thicknesses. The commercial brands Ionomaster, Maxxion, Bioglass R, Bioglass F, Vidrion R and Vidrion F, presented radiopacity lower than the radiopacity of dentin, insufficient for a correct diagnostic. All flowable resin composites and calcium hydroxide cements studied showed radiopacity superior than dentin. Vitro Fil, Magic Glass, Vitrebond, Riva SC, Riva LC, Fill Magic, Opallis, Surefil, Tetric N, Tetric, Hydro C, Hydcal and Liner showed radiopacity equal to or greater than the enamel for all thicknesses. In general, the increased thickness of the materials studied increases its radiopacity significantly. It was concluded that some materials indicated as base and liner for restorations have and inadequate radiopacity to be detected radiographically.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2011-10-05
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.