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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.23.2007.tde-23052007-141205
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Cristina Soares Santos Haddad
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Tortamano, André (President)
Ozawa, Terumi Okada
Vigorito, Julio Wilson
Title in Portuguese
Comparação das taxas de liberação in vitro de níquel e cromo por bráquetes ortodônticos de diferentes marcas comerciais.
Keywords in Portuguese
Aço inoxidável
Bráquetes
Corrosão
Cromo
Níquel
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o propósito de auxiliar o ortodontista na escolha de braquetes ortodônticos com menor potencial tóxico, seja local ou sistêmico, para seus pacientes, o objetivo deste estudo foi comparar diferentes marcas comerciais de braquetes ortodônticos, a fim de identificar, em ambientes orais simulados durante 28 dias, aquelas marcas que liberam as menores taxas de Ni e Cr. Para tal, foram empregados 280 braquetes divididos igualmente de acordo com o modelo e a marca comercial: (1) Kirium Line® Abzil®, (2) Mini Master Series® American Orthodontics®, (3) Discovery® Dentaurum®, (4) Full Size® Unitek®, (5) Morelli M.B.T.® Morelli®, (6) NuEdge® TP Orthodontics® e (7) Victory® Unitek®. A norma ISO 10271/2001 foi utilizada para padronização do método. Cada braquete foi imerso em 0,5 mL de saliva sintética ou de fluido de placa artificial durante 28 dias a 37°C. A cada 7 dias, a solução foi substituída e analisada por um espectrômetro de absorção atômica e atomização eletrotérmica (ETAAS) ou por espectrometria de emissão óptica com plasma indutivamente acoplado (ICP OES) para quantificação do conteúdo (?g L-1) de Ni e Cr nas soluções. O teste Kruskall-Wallis foi empregado para determinação das diferenças estatísticas entre as taxas de liberação de Ni e Cr pelos braquetes das marcas comerciais estudadas nas duas soluções de imersão. Os resultados indicaram que as diferentes marcas comerciais de braquetes apresentaram diferentes comportamentos corrosivos. Além disso, a solução de fluido de placa provocou a liberação de quantidades significativamente maiores de Ni e Cr, em comparação com a solução de saliva sintética. Portanto, pôde-se concluir que a marca comercial, cujos braquetes apresentaram as menores taxas de liberação de Ni e Cr, foi a Dentaurum®, seguida, em ordem crescente, pelas marcas Victory® Unitek®, American®, TP®, Full Size® Unitek®, Morelli® e Abzil®.
Title in English
Comparison of rates of in vitro release of nickel and chrome for orthodontic brackets of different trademarks
Keywords in English
Brackets
Chromium
Corrosion
Nickel
Stainless steel
Abstract in English
In order to assist orthodontists on choosing brackets with less potential to induce local or systemic toxicity to their patients, this study aimed at comparing different manufacturers of orthodontic brackets and at identifying the ones that released less amounts of nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr) in simulated oral environments. 280 brackets were equally divided according to the following models and manufacturers: (1) Kirium Line® Abzil®, (2) Mini Master Series® American Orthodontics®, (3) Discovery® Dentaurum®, (4) Full Size® Unitek®, (5) Morelli M.B.T. ® Morelli®, (6) NuEdge® TP Orthodontics®, and (7) Victory® Unitek®. International standard ISO 10271/2001 was applied to provide test methods. Each bracket was immersed in 0.5 mL of synthetic saliva or artificial plaque fluid during 28 days at 37°C. Solutions were replaced every 7 days, and were analyzed by means of an electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometer (ETAAS) or by an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP OES) to quantify (g L-1) the amount of Ni and Cr released. Kruskall-Wallis test was applied to determine if differences existed between Ni and Cr release according to bracket manufacturers and to solutions. Results indicated that brackets from different manufacturers presented different corrosion behavior. In addition, artificial plaque fluid induced more Ni and Cr release then artificial saliva. It was therefore concluded that brackets from Dentaurum® presented the less quantities of Ni and Cr released in both studied solutions. Increasing rates of Ni and Cr were detected to the following manufacturers: Victory® Unitek®, American®, TP®, Full Size® Unitek®, Morelli® e Abzil®.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-12-22
 
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