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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.22.2005.tde-07122005-110838
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Stefanello
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Nakano, Ana Marcia Spano (President)
Abrão, Ana Cristina Freitas de Vilhena
Shimo, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda
Title in Portuguese
"A vivência do cuidado no puerpério: as mulheres construindo-se como mães"
Keywords in Portuguese
cuidado
maternidade
puerpério
saúde da mulher
Abstract in Portuguese
Na fase pós-parto, o cuidado destaca-se no contexto familiar como uma prática permeada de particularidades. Assim, este estudo buscou compreender como se estabelece o cuidado na fase puerperal, no contexto familiar. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, desenvolvida com 12 mulheres puérperas e 11 familiares destas, que as auxiliam no cuidado pós-parto. Utilizaram-se, como procedimento metodológico para a coleta de dados, entrevistas semi-estruturadas gravadas e transcritas na íntegra, após consentimento livre e esclarecido dos sujeitos. As entrevistas foram realizadas no domicílio do informante. Os dados foram analisados com base na técnica de análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. Os resultados revelaram quatro temas: 1) O ideário de maternidade como base na construção de cuidado do bebê e do cuidado puerperal; 2) Cuidando com cuidado do bebê; 3) Cuidando da mãe para que ela cuide do bebê e 4) Os agentes tomados como referência nas práticas de cuidado. As práticas de cuidado pós-parto estão muito ligadas ao ideário de maternidade, algo intrinsecamente feminino, permeado de idealizações e fundamentado nas concepções de gênero. O bebê, foco primeiro de todas as ações de cuidado, traz inúmeras mudanças na rotina da família e principalmente da mãe. A mulher-mãe também necessita de cuidados, entretanto grande parte deles visam indiretamente à criança. O cuidado na fase puerperal, permeado de crenças e tabus ligados ao feminino, outorga às mulheres um poder de agentes nesse processo, já que trazem consigo conhecimentos de muitas gerações. Assim, entende-se o cuidado pós-parto como uma prática feminina, na qual as mulheres buscam abastecer-se em sistemas de representações já incorporados socialmente, ao mesmo tempo em que atuam como sujeitos e reinventam sistemas estabelecidos, construindo-se como mães.
Title in English
The experience of care at puerperium: women constructing themselves as mothers
Keywords in English
care
maternity
puerperium
women’s health
Abstract in English
The care given during the phase after delivery is pointed out, within the family context, as being replete with particularities. Hence, this study sought to comprehend how the care in the puerperal phase is established, within the family context. It is a qualitative research, developed with 12 puerperal women and 11 of their relatives, who help them with the care after delivery. Data collection was performed by the methodological procedure of semi-structured interviews, which were taped and integrally transcribed, after receiving free and clarified consent from the subjects. Interviews were performed at the informant’s home. The data were analyzed based on the technique of thematic content analysis. The results revealed four themes: 1) The idea of maternity as being the basis for the construction of the baby’s care and puerperal care; 2) Taking care of the baby carefully; 3) Taking care of the mother so she can take care of the baby; and 4) The agents taken as reference in the practices of care giving. The practices of care after delivery are much linked to the idea of maternity, something intrinsically feminine, full of idealizations and founded on gender conceptions. The baby, primary focus of all care actions, brings numerous changes to the family’s routines, mainly the mother’s. The mother-woman also needs to be cared for; however, a great deal of this care involves, indirectly, the child. The care in the puerperal phase, permeated of beliefs and taboos linked to the feminine, grants the women with a power of agents in this process, since she bears the knowledge of many generations. Thus, the care after delivery is understood as a feminine practice, in which women base themselves on representation systems that have already been socially incorporated, at the same time that they act as subjects and reinvent the previously established systems, constructing themselves as mothers.
 
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STEFANELLO_J.pdf (381.15 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2005-12-12
 
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