• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.21.2017.tde-31072017-170653
Document
Author
Full name
Carolina Miyoshi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Figueira, Rubens Cesar Lopes (President)
Mercuri, Lucildes Pita
Toldo Junior, Elírio Ernestino
Title in Portuguese
Reconstrução ambiental de uma região sob influência antrópica: uma avaliação dos últimos 200 anos do Rio Guaíba (RS)
Keywords in Portuguese
elementos traço
extração de areia
Rio Guaíba
testemunhos
Abstract in Portuguese
O Antropoceno é marcado pelo aumento da demanda populacional e pelo desenvolvimento industrial. Essas alterações antrópicas têm tido como consequência mudanças ambientais e climáticas, principalmente nos últimos 200 anos. O Rio Guaíba, localizado no Estado brasileiro do Rio Grande do Sul, é considerado de extrema importância por diferentes atributos: (1) principal fonte de abastecimento de água potável para a população de Porto Alegre; (2) importante via de navegação, que liga a região central do Estado com a Lagoa dos Patos e, consequentemente, com o Oceano Atlântico; e (3) abriga o setor industrial da capital Porto Alegre. Este trabalho apresenta como objetivo principal a realização de um estudo de reconstrução ambiental em três testemunhos coletados ao longo do Rio Guaíba. Para atingir este objetivo, determinaram-se níveis de elementos traço (As, Cr, Cu, Ni, P, Pb, Sc e Zn), em conjunto com a geocronologia recente, obtida por meio das atividades dos radionuclídeos 210Pb e 137Cs, utilizando o modelo CRS (Constant Rate of Supply). Foram calculados os índices de geoacumulação: Fator de Enriquecimento, Pollution Load Index e Sediment Pollution Index. As colunas sedimentares G1 e G2 demonstraram resultados que expressam as consequências da mineração de areia que ocorre no rio Jacuí, principal fonte de sedimento para o Rio Guaíba. A partir de aproximadamente 1998, houve uma maior fiscalização das dragas operantes neste rio, e a dinâmica deposicional desses testemunhos foi novamente alterada. A reconstrução realizada no testemunho G3 demonstrou-se diferente das demais. Alterações no perfil granulométrico foram explicadas por eventos climáticos (El Niño e La Niña); e o aumento na concentração de elementos traço, principalmente Cr, Pb, P e Zn, está ligado a possíveis fontes antropogênicas. Neste estudo de reconstrução ambiental, a utilização do modelo CRS, de proxies de metais e da granulometria de finos mostrou-se adequada, principalmente no caso das consequências relacionadas à mineração de areia no rio Jacuí.
Title in English
Environmental reconstruction of a region under anthropic influence: a review of the last 200 years at Guaíba Lake (RS)
Keywords in English
Guaíba River
sand mining
sediment core
trace elements
Abstract in English
The new epoch Anthropocene is marked by the increase of population and industrial development. These anthropic alterations have had as consequences environmental and climatic changes, especially in the last two hundred years. The Guaíba River, located at the Brazilian State of Rio Grande do Sul, is extremely important for different attributes: (1) it is the main source of potable water to the capital Porto Alegre; (2) it is an important navigation route, that connects the State central region with the Patos Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean; and (3) it harbors the main industries of Porto Alegre. The principal objective of this study was to obtain environmental reconstructions for three sediment cores from Guaíba River. To accomplish this goal, we determined the concentrations of trace elements (As, Cr, Cu, Ni, P, Pb, Sc and Zn) and proceeded the analysis of recent geochronology, which was acquired through 210Pb and 137Cs activities with the CRS model. Furthermore, we calculated geoaccumulation indices: Enrichment Factor, Pollution Load Index and Sediment Pollution Index. The sediment cores G1 and G2 presented results that expressed the consequences of the sand mining that occurs at Jacuí River. Approximately after 1998, there has been better control of the dredges that operate on the river and the depositional dynamics were changed again. The G3 reconstruction had different conclusions compared with the others. Grain size alterations were explained by climatic events, like El Niño and La Niña; and the concentration increase of trace elements, mainly Cr, Pb, P and Zn, was connected with possible anthropogenic sources. In this study of environmental reconstruction, the utilization of the CRS model and of metals concentrations and grain size as proxies proved to be adequate, especially in the case of the sand mining at Jacuí River and its consequences.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2017-08-01
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2022. All rights reserved.