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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.21.2007.tde-19072007-111929
Document
Author
Full name
Wellington Silva Fernandez
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Dias, June Ferraz (President)
Silva, Antonio Olinto Avila da
Spach, Henry Louis
Title in Portuguese
Dinâmica populacional e Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) da praia de Itamambuca, Ubatuba (SP)
Keywords in Portuguese
Atherinella brasiliensis
Brasil
crescimento
longevidade
metais traço
mortalidade
reprodução
Ubatuba
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo analisou aspectos do ciclo de vida e níveis de metais em Atherinella brasiliensis da praia de Itamambuca, Ubatuba (SP). As coletas foram mensais, nos períodos diurno e noturno, de setembro de 2003 a fevereiro de 2005, em quatro estações na praia e uma no rio Itamambuca, utilizando-se picaré. Os indivíduos migram diariamente para dentro do rio no período noturno. O melhor ajuste ao modelo de von Bertalanffy (CT= 164,85*(1-e-2,16(t+0,0038))) e à longevidade (A0,95= 1,378 ano) foi obtido pelo método de Ford-Walford. O índice de performance de crescimento e a mortalidade variaram de 2,77 a 2,91 e 1,64 a 1,82 ano-1, respectivamente. O valor de L50 estimado para sexos agrupados foi 86,6 mm, e os de RGS, DK e a freqüência de desovantes sugerem desova durante todo o ano, com maior intensidade do final da primavera até início do outono. A desova é parcelada, com alta freqüência e em pequenos lotes. Altas concentrações de Cr, Fe e Zn foram detectadas na musculatura, sendo maiores em indivíduos jovens e na alta temporada turística. Pode-se concluir que o peixe-rei passa todo seu ciclo de vida na praia de Itamambuca, apresenta altas taxas de crescimento e mortalidade natural, e desova ao longo de todo o ano.
Title in English
Populacional dynamic of the Atherinella brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) from Itamambuca beach, Ubatuba (SP)
Keywords in English
Atherinella brasiliensis
Brazil.
growth
longevity
mortality
reproduction
trace metals
Ubatuba
Abstract in English
The present study analyzed the life history and metal levels of Atherinella brasiliensis from Itamambuca beach, Ubatuba (SP). Surveys were conducted monthly, in diurnal and nocturnal periods, between September 2003 and February 2005, in four stations at the beach and one at the Itamambuca river, using beach seine. Individuals showed daily migration into the river at nocturnal period. The better adjustment to von Bertalanffy?s model (Lt = 164.85*(1-e-2.16(t+0.0038))) and to longevity (A0.95= 1.378 year) was obtained through Ford-Walford method. The value of estimated L50 for grouped gender was 86.6 mm, and the GSR, the DK and the spawning frequency suggest spawning during all year around, with higher intensity in late spring until middle autumn. The high frequency of spawning and the low batch fecundity indicate that the species is a batch spawner. High concentrations of Cr, Fe and Zn were detected in musculature, being higher among young individuals, and during tourist high season. In conclusion, the Brazilian silverside spends its life cycle on the Itamambuca beach, shows high growth and natural mortality rates, and spawning throughout the year.
 
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Publishing Date
2007-09-12
 
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