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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.2.2019.tde-30072020-150541
Document
Author
Full name
Helio Peixoto Junior
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2019
Supervisor
Committee
Badaró, Gustavo Henrique Righi Ivahy (President)
Almeida, José Raul Gavião de
Giacomolli, Nereu José
Cruz, Rogerio Schietti Machado
Title in Portuguese
Fase de admissibilidade da acusação à luz do contraditório e da ampla defesa
Keywords in Portuguese
Acusação
Ampla defesa
Contraditório
Juízo de admissibilidade
Procedimento
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho analisa o juízo de admissibilidade da acusação no processo penal brasileiro com enfoque nas garantias constitucionais do contraditório e da ampla defesa. Para tanto, inicialmente foram estudados aspectos principiológicos a desenhar a base para a pesquisa desenvolvida. Destacado o caráter convencional das garantias apontadas e o procedimento como elemento indispensável ao conceito de processo penal, passouse ao estudo histórico da legislação embrionária, passando pelo Processo Criminal de Primeira Instância de 1832, Códigos de Processo Penal dos estados, até o atual Código de Processo Penal de 1941. Tal intento se deu para buscar as origens do instituto e relaciona-lo à antiga pronúncia inserida no seio de um procedimento penal bifásico. Por fim, buscou-se apontar o momento exato que se inicia o processo e que o sujeito tem seu status alterado perante o Estado, tornando-se assim acusado de um delito a ser verificado através de um processo penal justo. Confrontado o texto aprovado pela reforma de 2008, concluiu-se pela inconstitucionalidade do art. 396, do CPP e para solução desta problemática propõe-se a interpretação abrogativa do texto legal de modo a decotar a mesóclise "recebê-la-á". Aponta-se que somente desta forma haverá um juízo de admissibilidade da acusação constitucionalmente desenvolvido, podendo a decisão de recebimento da acusação ser proferida única e exclusivamente após o ingresso das razões defensivas iniciais
Title in English
Probable cause stage of accusation under the understanding of the adversarial principle and full defense principle
Keywords in English
Accusation
Adversarial principle
Full defense principle
Probable cause decision
Procedure
Abstract in English
This paper analyzes the judgment about the accusation's admissibility in the brazilian´s criminal procedure with focus in the adversarial and full defense principles as constitutional guarantees. Therefore, it was initially studied principles to draw basis for the research developed. Highlighted the conventional nature of the guarantees indicated and the procedure as an indispensable element to the concept of criminal procedure the study passed on to a historical view of embryonic legislation passing through the 1832 Criminal Procedure Code of First Instance, states Criminal Procedure Codes, until the current 1941 Criminal Procedure Code. Such an attempt was made to search the origins of the probable cause decision institute and relate it in a biphasic procedure. Finally, it was sought to point out the exact moment that the criminal procedure begins and that the subject has his status changed before the State thus being accused of an offense to be verified through a fair criminal procedure. Faced with the text approved by the 2008' legal reform, it was concluded that CPP's 396 article is unconstitutional and to solve this problem is proposed the abrogative interpretation of the legal text in a way to remove the expression "will receive it". It is pointed out that only in this way will exists a judgment about the accusation's admissibility constitutionally developed. Finally, the probable cause decision only could be pronounced after the initial defensive reasoning registration.
 
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Release Date
2022-07-30
Publishing Date
2020-08-05
 
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