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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.2.2020.tde-02052021-233326
Document
Author
Full name
Norton Thomé Zardo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2020
Supervisor
Committee
Poveda Velasco, Ignacio Maria (President)
Carmignani, Maria Cristina da Silva
Nalini, José Renato
Oliveira, José Roberto Leme Alves de
Title in Portuguese
Para além dos organogramas: a história da organização judiciária brasileira no período pré-republicano sob a perspectiva da figura do magistrado
Keywords in Portuguese
História do Direito -- Brasil
Magistratura -- Brasil
Organização Judiciária -- Brasil
Poder Judiciário -- Brasil
Abstract in Portuguese
O estudo da história da organização judiciária no Brasil sempre esteve prioritariamente focado no aspecto estrutural, sem grande preocupação com os sistemas de recrutamento dos magistrados, os requisitos para o ingresso na magistratura e as condições de permanência e garantias de exercício, elementos que, conforme diferentes correntes doutrinárias, podem ser tomados como indicadores da qualidade da prestação jurisdicional. A abordagem das figuras pré-republicanas brasileiras, organizada a partir de seus três grandes períodos históricos (Brasil-Colônia; Reino Unido do Brasil, Portugal e Algarves; e Império do Brasil) e centrada nessa perspectiva, possibilita uma análise mais acurada da consolidação e da evolução da carreira da magistratura no Brasil. Além disso, é possível, a partir do exame desses mesmos elementos, colher subsídios históricos bastante relevantes para as discussões republicanas subsequentes acerca da obrigatoriedade da conciliação; das limitações de alçada e de acesso à jurisdição; da unicidade da carreira da magistratura; da especialização dos órgãos jurisdicionais; e da existência de mandatos ou períodos pré-determinados de exercício.
Title in English
Going beyond the organization charts: the history of the Brazilian court organisation during the pre-republican period from the perspective of the judges
Keywords in English
Court organization
History of law
Judiciary branch
The bench
Abstract in English
The study of the history of the court organisation in Brazil has always been primarily focused on the organizational structure rather than on the recruitment system for judges, the requirements to serve the bench, the conditions to hold the position, or the safeguards to be on the bench. According to different doctrines, these elements can be used to access the quality of the judiciary. The approach of the pre-republican figures in Brazil, based on its three important historical periods (Colonial Brazil; the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves; and the Empire of Brazil) and focused on this perspective, allows a detailed analysis of the judicial career progression and development in Brazil. Moreover, by analyzing these same elements, relevant historical data can be collected for further republican discussions about the obligation of settlement conferences; limited jurisdiction and proper access to justice; the uniqueness of a judicial career; the specialization of the judicial authority; and a term of office or fixed periods in office.
 
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Release Date
2023-05-02
Publishing Date
2021-05-14
 
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