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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2016.tde-31052016-143201
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael Branco Nakatsubata Sayama
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Tarpani, José Ricardo (President)
Bolfarini, Claudemiro
Riva, Rudimar
Title in Portuguese
Efeitos da soldagem por laser de fibra de Yb na microestrutura do compósito A356/SiCp
Keywords in Portuguese
Al-CMM
Al4SiC4
Micro-TC
Soldagem por laser de fibra ótica
Abstract in Portuguese
Materiais compósitos são projetados e fabricados para várias aplicações de alto desempenho, incluindo componentes para os segmentos automobilístico, aeroespacial, aeronáutico, naval, de defesa, de óleo e gás, energia eólica e até equipamentos esportivos. Porém, a união por soldagem de Compósitos de Matriz Metálica de Alumínio (Al-CMM) ainda é um grande obstáculo para a maior disseminação desta classe de materiais estruturais. As mudanças microestruturais decorrentes do ciclo de soldagem e/ou do tratamento térmico afetam sensivelmente as propriedades mecânicas e físico-químicas finais da junta e do metal base nas proximidades de mesma, daí a importância de se estudar a evolução microestrutural que prospera nestas etapas. O presente trabalho caracterizou a microestrutura do compósito liga-A356/SiCp soldado por laser de fibra de Itérbio, empregando-se nessa tarefa técnicas de microscopia óptica, radiografia e microscopia eletrônica de varredura, assim como difração de raios-X e de elétrons retroespalhados, ensaio instrumentado de dureza e microtomografia computadorizada. O foco das análises realizadas restringiu-se à geometria dos cordões de solda, à expulsão de SiC particulado da zona soldada, à volatilização de elementos químicos da poça de soldagem, à formação de precipitados fragilizantes de Al4SiC4 em formato de agulhas no cordão de solda e à determinação das regiões com concentração de poros, todos estes fenômenos tendo efeitos nocivos, em maior ou menor extensão, no desempenho global da junta do Al-CMM soldada a laser, notadamente em suas propriedades mecânicas e eletroquímicas.
Title in English
Effects of laser welding by Yb fiber in the microstructure of A356/SiCp composite
Keywords in English
Al-MMC
Al4SiC4
Micro-TC
Welding fiber laser
Abstract in English
Microstructural materials composites are designed and manufactured for various high performance applications, including components for different industries like automobile, aerospace, aeronautical, naval, defense, oil and gas, wind energy and even sports equipment. However, the junction by welding of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite (Al-MMC) is still a major obstacle to the further spread of this class of structural materials. The microstructural changes resulting from the welding cycle and / or post-weld heat treatment significantly affect the final mechanical and physicochemical properties of the joint and the base metal near it, hence the importance of studying the microstructural evolution that thrives in these steps. This study aims to characterize the microstructure of the composite alloy-A356 / SiCp welding by Ytterbium fiber laser, using optical microscopy, X-ray, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron backscatter diffraction, instrumented test hardness and computed microtomography. The focus of the analyzes was restricted to the geometry of the weld bead, the particulate SiC expulsion of the welded zone, volatilization of chemical elements from the welding zone, formation of precipitates embrittlement of Al4SiC4 in needle shape in the weld bead and determining the concentration of regions with pores, all these phenomena have harmful effects to a greater or lesser extent, the overall performance of the joining Al-CMM laser welded, mainly in their mechanical and electrochemical properties.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-06-03
 
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