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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2013.tde-11092013-160301
Document
Author
Full name
Livia Maria de Castro Sousa
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Gonçalves, Débora (President)
Carvalho, Antonio José Felix de
Moraes, Marli Leite de
Title in Portuguese
Estudos sobre a imobilização da polifenoloxidase em filmes de polipirrol/poli-3-metiltiofeno e uso destes filmes em biossensores amperométricos
Keywords in Portuguese
Biossensores
Catecol
Polimetiltiofeno (PMET)
Polipirrol (PPI)
Superoxidação
Tirosinase
Abstract in Portuguese
Nesta dissertação, foram estudados os métodos de síntese de filmes poliméricos como matrizes hospedeiras da enzima tirosinase vislumbrando o desenvolvimento de biossensores mais seletivos e duradouros na detecção de compostos fenólicos. Os polímeros utilizados e preparados por cronoamperometria em acetonitrila foram: polipirrol (PPI), polimetiltiofeno (PMET) e copolímero PPI-PMET. Os filmes PPI-PMET apresentaram características intermediárias às dos filmes PPI e PMET, conforme se verificaram em espectros na região do infravermelho (FTIR), voltametria cíclica e microscopia de força atômica (AFM), evidenciando, assim, a formação de uma nova matriz polimérica. O processo de superoxidação do filme PPI-PMET foi estudado visando a uma imobilização mais eficiente da enzima, quando se obteve uma condição na qual a superoxidação ocorre somente nas cadeias de PPI. Biossensores amperométricos foram preparados a partir do uso da tirosinase extraída do abacate como fonte enzimática por imobilização física e realizada de maneiras diferentes em filmes não superoxidados e superoxidados. Foi feita a otimização das respostas dos filmes variando-se o pH, potencial de trabalho, concentração da enzima e tempo de imobilização da enzima para a detecção de catecol. Os resultados indicaram que a superoxidação do PPI nos filmes PPI-PMET favoreceu a imobilização da enzima, embora não fosse tão eficiente quando se comparou aos filmes com o PPI não superoxidado. Contudo, os biossensores, em geral, apresentaram grande sensibilidade ao catecol, com um limite de detecção baixo, da ordem de 0,12 µmol/L.
Title in English
Studies on the immobilization of polyphenoloxidase polypyrrole/poly-3-methylthiophene films and their use in amperometric biosensors
Keywords in English
Biosensors
Catechol
Overoxidized
Polymethylthiophene (PMET)
Polypyrrole (PPY)
Tyrosinase
Abstract in English
The synthesis methods of polymer films as host matrices of the enzyme tyrosinase were studied in this dissertation. It was expected the development of selective and everlasting biosensors for the detection of phenolic compounds. The used polymers were prepared by chronoamperometry in acetonitrile as followed: polypyrrole (PPI), polymethylthiophene (PMET) and copolymer PPI-PMET. The PPI-PMET films showed intermediate characteristics as the PPI and PMET films, as observed in the infrared spectra (FTIR), cyclic voltammetry and atomic force microscopy (AFM), thus indicating the formation of a new polymeric matrix . The process of overoxidized of PPI-PMET film was studied in order to achieve a more efficient immobilization of the enzyme, whilst it was achieved a condition in which overoxidized occurs only in the PPI chain. Amperometric biosensors were prepared from the use of tyrosinase extracted from avocado as an enzyme source by physical immobilization and performed in different ways in both overoxidized and non-overoxidized films. It was performed the optimization of the responses of the films by varying pH, operacuonial potential, enzyme concentration and time in the enzyme immobilization for the detection of catechol. The results showed that the overoxidized PPI in the films PPI-PMET favored the immobilization of the enzyme, although not as efficient when compared to the films with nom overoxidized PPI. Neverthless, the catechol biosensors showed a high sensitivity with a low detection limit in the order of 0.12 µmol/L.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-09-16
 
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