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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2013.tde-29042013-113736
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael Jales Lima Ferreira
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Rocha, Mônica de Lacerda (President)
Cesar, Amílcar Careli
Pataca, Daniel Moutinho
Title in Portuguese
Estudo de sistemas com multiportadoras ópticas ortogonais e coerentes
Keywords in Portuguese
Geração de multiportadoras ópticas
Modulação digital híbrida
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
Recepção óptica direta e coerente
Supercanal óptico
Abstract in Portuguese
Neste trabalho a técnica de multiportadoras OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), aplicada a sistemas ópticos, é estudada, com foco principal na geração e transmissão dos chamados supercanais ópticos modulados em altíssimas taxas (até Terabits/s). O OFDM prevê um melhor aproveitamento da largura de banda e, quando comparada à técnica FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing), permite uma redução de aproximadamente 50% do espectro ocupado. Esta economia proporcionada pela técnica torna-a forte candidata para uso em redes ópticas reconfiguráveis, pois provê melhor eficiência espectral aos sinais com reconfiguração de tráfego remoto. Dois cenários serão abordados: o primeiro, em que o sinal com multiportadoras moduladas de forma híbrida (QAM - quadradure amplitude modulation) é gerado no domínio elétrico para, em seguida, modular uma portadora óptica; e o segundo, no qual as multiportadoras são geradas no domínio óptico e, posteriormente, moduladas individualmente também no domínio óptico - e neste caso o formato de modulação pode variar. Para o segundo caso, três técnicas de geração de supercanais serão estudadas e avaliadas a fim de se realizar uma comparação entre elas. Neste trabalho também serão comparadas as técnicas de recepção óptica direta e coerente, aplicadas a sistemas OFDM. Os resultados para o estudo da geração de multiportadoras ópticas, obtidos através de simulações no software Optisystem v. 9.0, são validados por resultados experimentais obtidos no Laboratório de Comunicações Ópticas da Fundação CPqD.
Title in English
Study of systems with optical orthogonal multicarrier and consistent
Keywords in English
Direct and coherent detection techniques
Modulated signal in a hybrid format
Optical multicarrier generation
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
Abstract in English
This manuscript presents a study on the multicarrier modulation technique OFDM (Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) applied to optical systems. The OFDM technique provides a better use of bandwidth and, compared with FDM (Frequency Division Multiplexing), provides a nearly 50% reduction of the occupied bandwidth. This feature makes the OFDM technique an ideal candidate for reconfigurable optical networks because it allows better spectral efficiency to the signals with remote traffic reconfiguration. The study focuses, mainly, on the theoretical investigation of OFDM applied to the transmission of the so-called optical superchannels, modulated at very high bit rates (above Terabits/s). Two scenarios are discussed: in the first, the multicarrier signal, modulated in a hybrid format (QAM - quadrature amplitude modulation), is generated in the electrical domain before modulating the optical carrier, and in the second the multicarrier beam is generated in the optical domain and subsequently each subcarrier is digitally modulated. In this second approach, three superchannel generation techniques are studied and evaluated for being compared. This work will also compare the direct and coherent detection techniques applied to OFDM systems. The results for the optical multicarrier generation study, obtained by numerical simulation (platform Optisystem v. 9.0), are validated by experimental results obtained at the Laboratory of Optical Communication CPqD Foundation.
 
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Rafael.pdf (3.30 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2013-05-02
 
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