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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2012.tde-16092013-163829
Document
Author
Full name
Francismara Pires Cabral
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Ribatski, Gherhardt (President)
Bandarra Filho, Enio Pedone
Hernandez Rodriguez, Oscar Mauricio
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da ebulição convectiva de nanofluidos no interior de microcanais
Keywords in Portuguese
Ebulição convectiva
Microcanais
Nanofluidos
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho trata do estudo teórico do ebulição convectiva de nanofluidos em canais de diâmetro reduzido (denominados de microcanais). Ele aborda, primeiramente, uma análise da literatura sobre a ebulição convectiva de fluidos convencionais em microcanais, na qual são discutidos critérios para a transição entre macro e microcanais e os padrões de escoamentos observados em canais de reduzido diâmetro. Métodos para a previsão das propriedades de transporte de nanofluidos foram levantados da literatura e estudos experimentais da convecção forçada, da ebulição nucleada e da ebulição convectiva de nanofluidos foram discutidos. Um método para a previsão do coeficiente de transferência de calor de nanofluidos em microcanais durante a ebulição convectiva foi proposto baseado em modelos convencionais da literatura ajustados para nanofluidos. O ajuste dos modelos convencionais foi realizado através de análise regressiva de dados experimentais para ebulição nucleada e convecção forçada de nanofluidos levantados da literatura, e da análise crítica de adimensionais que capturassem a influência das nanopartículas no processo de transferência de calor. De maneira geral o método proposto neste estudo apresenta concordância razoável com dados experimentais independentes, referente ao acréscimo do coeficiente de transferência de calor com o incremento da concentração volumétrica de nanopartículas. No entanto, a escassez de estudos experimentais sobre a ebulição convectiva de nanofluidos, especialmente em microcanais, impossibilitou uma análise mais aprofundada do método proposto.
Title in English
Study of nanofluids convective boiling inside microchannels
Keywords in English
Flow boiling
Microchannels
Nanofluids
Abstract in English
The present work aims the theoretical study of convective boiling of nanofluids in small diameter channels (called microchannel). It discusses an analysis of the literature on convective boiling of conventional fluids in microchannels which presents criteria for the transition between conventional and microchannels and the flow patterns observed in small diameter channels. Methods for predicting the transport properties of nanofluids were compiled from the literature and experimental studies of forced convection, nucleate boiling and convective boiling of nanofluids were discussed. A method for predicting the heat transfer coefficient of nanofluids in microchannels during convective boiling was proposed based on conventional models from literature adjusted to nanofluids. The conventional models fitting was performed by regression analysis of experimental data for nucleate boiling and forced convection of nanofluids compiled from the literature and by critical analysis of dimensionless numbers which enable to capture the influence of nanoparticles on heat transfer process. In general the proposed method in this work presents reasonable agreement with independent experimental data regarding the increase in heat transfer coefficient with increasing nanoparticles volume fraction. However the scarcity of experimental studies on the convective boiling of nanofluids, especially in microchannels, precluded further analysis of the proposed method.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-10-29
 
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