• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2016.tde-18072016-135825
Document
Author
Full name
Felipe Costa Bethonico
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Setti, José Reynaldo Anselmo (President)
Carvalho, André Carlos Ponce de Leon Ferreira de
Pitombo, Cira Souza
Title in Portuguese
Calibração de simuladores microscópicos de tráfego através de medidas macroscópicas
Keywords in Portuguese
Lane-change
Car-following
Algoritmo genético
Calibração
VISSIM
Abstract in Portuguese
Os simuladores de tráfego são programas computacionais que, através de diversos modelos, tentam simular o tráfego, o comportamento dos motoristas, o desempenho dos veículos, entre outros aspectos que envolvem uma rede viária. Estes modelos precisam ser calibrados para representar as condições de um determinado local. O objetivo da pesquisa foi propor um método de calibração de um microssimulador de tráfego através de dados coletados por estações de monitoramento. O estudo de caso foi realizado através do simulador VISSIM para um trecho do Rodoanel Mário Covas (SP-021), utilizando um algoritmo genético (AG). A calibração envolveu, além dos parâmetros comportamentais dos sub-modelos de car-following e lane-change, o ajuste das distribuições de velocidade desejada dos veículos e um método para simulação do congestionamento. A função fitness do AG foi baseada em três medidas de desempenho: uma que comparava gráficos de fluxo-velocidade simulados e observados e outras duas que comparavam a distribuição do volume de tráfego e o percentual de veículos comerciais por faixa de tráfego. Os resultados mostraram que a medida mais apropriada para a comparação dos gráficos foi a distância de Hausdorff modificada (MHD). A medida MHD também foi fundamental para garantir a ciência do método de simulação de congestionamento de tráfego proposto. O modelo calibrado foi validado usando dados de tráfego coletados em dias diferentes, pela mesma estação de monitoramento.
Title in English
Calibration of microscopic traffic simulators using macroscopic measures
Keywords in English
Calibration
Car-following
Genetic algorithm
Lane-change
VISSIM
Abstract in English
Traffic simulators are computer programs that, through various models, try to simulate traffic, driver behavior, vehicle performance, and other aspects involved in a road network. These models need calibration to represent local conditions satisfactorily. The objective of the research was to propose a method for the calibration of a traffic microsimulator based on traffic data collected by monitoring stations. To demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach, a case study was performed calibrating the simulator VISSIM for a section of Rodoanel Mario Covas (SP-021) using a genetic algorithm (GA). The calibration focused on behavioral parameters for car-following and lane-change submodels, as well as on the desired speed distributions of vehicles and on a method to simulate congestion. The GA fitness function was based on three performance measures: one that compared simulated and observed speed-flow plots, and two that compared the distribution of traffic volume and truck volumes across traffic lanes, respectively. The results showed that the most appropriate measure for comparison of the graphs was the modified Hausdor distance (MHD). MHD was also important to ensure the efficiency of the method used to simulate traffic congestion. The calibrated model was validate using traffic data collected on different days, by the same monitoring station.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
FelipeBethonico.pdf (8.77 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2016-07-27
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.