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Master's Dissertation
DOI
https://doi.org/10.11606/D.18.1998.tde-29042021-163729
Document
Author
Full name
Kelly Kleyciane Deluqui
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1998
Supervisor
Committee
Aguiar, Edson Martins de (President)
Daniel, Luiz Antonio
Silva, Antonio Nelson Rodrigues da
Title in Portuguese
Roteirização para veículos de coleta de resíduos sólidos domiciliares utilizando um Sistema de Informação Geográfica - SIG
Keywords in Portuguese
coleta domiciliar
resíduos sólidos
roteirização de veículos
sistema de informação geográfica
Abstract in Portuguese
O referencial básico deste trabalho foi levantamento sobre sistemas de coleta de resíduos sólidos domiciliares em municípios brasileiros, objetivando caracterizar o planejamento e execução de serviços em municípios brasileiros de médio porte. O Sistema de Informação Geográfica-SIG foi o determinante neste trabalho, sendo utilizado o software TransCAD como ferramenta para a roteirização dos veículos coletores. Considerando São Carlos-SP como município de médio porte e dentro dos padrões preestabelecidos para a realização do presente trabalho, realizou-se um estudo de caso, abrangendo cinco setores de coleta que compõe a área central. Os resultados obtidos pelo TransCAD e os dados fornecidos por empresa responsável pela execução dos serviços de coleta, foram processados no software Microsoft EXCEL, for Windows versão 97, para obtenção dos parâmetros operacionais tais como: Percurso de coleta total (PCT), o Percurso de Coleta no Setor (PCS), o Percurso Cheio (PCH), o Percurso Vazio (PVA) e a extensão total dos links (ET) de cada setor de coleta. Os resultados indicaram que a quilometragem de repetição de passagem, em ruas já servidas, foi superior quando calculada a partir da aplicação do TransCAD. Com relação a características dos sistemas de coleta dos municípios brasileiros observou-se que o aspecto operacional relativo a definição dos roteiros não são priorizados dentro do sistema de gerenciamento da coleta.
Title in English
Routing for vehicles of collection of residential solid waste using a Geographical lnformation System -GIS
Keywords in English
geographical information system
residential collection
routing of vehicles
solid wastes
Abstract in English
The basic referential of this study was a survey on collection systems of residential solid waste in Brazilian municipal districts, aiming to characterize the planning and execution of services in Brazilian medium sized municipal districts. The Geographical Information System-SIG was the determinant in this study and TransCAD software was used as a tool for the routing o f the collecting vehicles. By considering São Carlos-SP a medium sized municipal and according to the patterns pre-established for the accomplishment of the present study, a case study, was carried out comprehending five collection sections which compose the central area. The results obtained by TransCAD and the data provided by the company responsible for the collection services were processed in Microsoft EXCEL, Windows version 97, for the obtaining of operational parameters such as: Course ofTotal Collection (CTC), Course of Collection in the Section (CCS), Full Course (FC), Empty Course (EC) and the Total Extension of the links (TE) of each collection section. The results indicated that the passage repetition in streets already served, was greater when calculated from the values obtained by the application of TransCAD. Regarding the characteristics of the collection systems in Brazilian municipal districts, it observed that the relative operational aspect which refers to the definition of the routes is not prioritized in the management system of collection.
 
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Publishing Date
2021-04-29
 
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