• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.18.2016.tde-19042016-140244
Document
Author
Full name
Giovana Kátie Wiecheteck
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Di Bernardo, Luiz (President)
Ferreira Filho, Sidney Seckler
Pádua, Valter Lúcio de
Teixeira, Bernardo Arantes do Nascimento
Vieira, Eny Maria
Title in Portuguese
Remoção de substâncias húmicas em tratamento de água por meio de pré-oxidação e dupla filtração
Keywords in Portuguese
Dupla filtração
Formação de subprodutos
Oxidantes
Pré-oxidação
Remoção de substâncias húmicas
Tratamento de água
Abstract in Portuguese
Para estudar a remoção de substâncias húmicas da água, foi utilizada uma instalação piloto de pré-oxidação e dupla filtração com filtro ascendente de areia grossa (FAAG) e filtro rápido descendente (FRD). Ozônio, peróxido de hidrogênio, peroxônio, tricloro-s-triazina-triona, dióxido de cloro, permanganato de potássio e hipoclorito de sódio foram utilizados como pré-oxidantes. A água de estudo era proveniente do Ribeirão do Feijão (São Carlos - SP) com adição de extrato de substâncias húmicas até cor verdadeira de 90 a 110 uH. O trabalho experimental foi realizado em quatro etapas: i) extração de substâncias húmicas; ii) ensaios em reatores estáticos; iii) ensaios na instalação piloto em escoamento contínuo sem pré-oxidação com taxas de filtração no FAAG entre 120 e 240 m3/m2d e no FRD entre 160 e 280 m3/m2d e; iv) ensaios na instalação piloto em escoamento contínuo sem e com pré-oxidação com taxas de filtração de 180 m3/m2 d no FAAG e 280 m3/m2d no FRD. Houve eficiência de remoção de substâncias húmicas nos ensaios sem pré-oxidação e com variação de taxas de filtração, eventualmente, observou-se residual de alumínio maior que 0,2 mg/L no efluente do FRD. Nos ensaios com pré-oxidação obteve-se redução de 50% na dosagem de coagulante, resultando em menores concentrações de alumínio residual nos filtros, e redução de 43 a 63% na perda de carga final do FAAG, comparando-se com o ensaio sem pré-oxidação. As amostras pré-oxidadas com ozônio apresentaram maiores concentrações de ácidos haloacéticos. No efluente do FRD, observou-se aumento das concentrações de trialometanos com o aumento do pH. Nos ensaios com dióxido de cloro e permanganato de potássio observaram-se menores concentrações de subprodutos.
Title in English
Removal of humic substances in water treatment through preoxidation and double filtration
Keywords in English
Byproduct formation
Double filtration
Oxidants
Preoxidation
Removal of humic substances
Water treatment
Abstract in English
A pilot plant of preoxidation and double filtration with coarse sand upflow filter (CSUF) and downflow filter (DF) was used with the purpose of removing humic substances of the water. Ozone, hydrogen peroxide, peroxone, chlorine, chlorine dioxide and potassium permanganate were used as preoxidants. The water of study was originating from Ribeirão Feijão (São Carlos - SP) with addition of extract of humic substances until true color from 90 to 110 uH. The experimental work was accomplished in four stages: i) extraction of humic substances; ii) tests in static reactors; iii) runs in the pilot plant in continuous flow without preoxidation with filtration rates in the upflow filter between 120 and 240 m3/m2d and in the downflow filter between 160 and 280 m3/m2d and; iv) runs in the pilot plant in continuous flow with and without preoxidation with filtration rates of 180 m3/m2d in the upflow filter and 280 m3/m2d in the downflow filter. There was efficiency of removal of humic substances in the runs without preoxidation with variation of filtration rates, but the effluent of the downflow filter presented aluminum residual larger than 0,2 mg/L. In the runs with preoxidation a reduction in the coagulant dosage of 50% was observed and consequently smaller concentration of aluminum residual in the effluent of the downflow filter, and reduction of 43 to 63% in the final load loss in the upflow filter, compared with the run without preoxidation. The preoxidaded water with ozone was verified higher concentration of haloacetic acids. In the effluent of the downflow filter was observed increase of trihalomethane concentrations with the increase of the pH. In the runs with chlorine dioxide and potassium permanganate were observed lower concentrations of byproducts.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2016-04-19
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.