• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2007.tde-03052007-114731
Document
Author
Full name
Eduardo Lucena Cavalcante de Amorim
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Edson Luiz (President)
Barboza, Marcio Gomes
Zaiat, Marcelo
Title in Portuguese
Desempenho de reator anaeróbio de leito fluidificado operado sob condições de aumento progressivo da carga orgânica no tratamento de fenol
Keywords in Portuguese
Biofilme
Fenol
Leito fluidificado
Processo anaeróbio
Abstract in Portuguese
O fenol e seus derivados são poluentes comumente presentes nos efluentes industriais. Também são considerados poluentes orgânicos perigosos e difícieis de serem eliminados, quando presentes em altas concentrações. O processo de tratamento anaeróbio é uma alternativa para a degradação de despejos que possuem compostos persistentes, como fenóis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a viabilidade do uso de reator anaeróbio de leito fluidificado (RALF) operado sob condições de aumento progressivo da carga orgânica no tratamento de água residuária sintética contendo fenol como única fonte de carbono. O reator foi construído em acrílico com altura de 190 cm e diâmetro interno de 5 cm, e volume total de 4192 'CM POT.3'. O meio suporte foi constituído por partículas de poliestireno (2,2 mm). O inóculo utilizado foi lodo de abatedouro de suínos, o tempo de detenção hidráulica (TDH) foi 24 h, o RALF foi operado a 30 ± 1 ºC durante 182 dias. A adaptação do inóculo ocorreu no próprio reator, onde permitiu uma partida rápida, 14 dias, além de manter as condições de anaerobiose no reator. As concentrações de fenol tratadas foram de 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L, 200 mg/L, 300 mg/L, 400 mg/L, 500 mg/L, 600 mg/L e 700 mg/L, com taxas de carregamento orgânico real aplicadas de 0,09 a 1,29 kg fenol/'M POT.3'dia. O pH variou entre 6,59 e 8,21 para todo o sistema. As concentrações de alcalinidade a bicarbonato (AB) afluente e efluente foram 180 mg/L e 294 mg/L, respectivamente. Foram constatadas eficiências de remoção de fenol e de DQO superiores a 90% e 88%, respectivamente. De um modo geral, os resultados mostraram a potencialidade do sistema proposto em degradar efluentes líquidos contendo fenol.
Title in English
Performance of anaerobic reactor of fluidized bed operated under conditions of progressive increase of the organic load in the phenol treatment
Keywords in English
Biofilm
Fluidized bed
Phenol
Process anaerobic
Abstract in English
The phenol and yours derived they are pollutant commonly presents in the industrial effluents. They are also considered pollutant organic dangerous and difficult of they be eliminated, when presents in high concentrations. The process of anaerobic treatment is an alternative for the degradation of spillings that possess composed persistent, as phenols. The objective of this work was to study the viability of the use of anaerobic fluidized-bed reactor (RALF) operated under conditions of progressive increase of the organic load in the treatment of synthetic wastewater containing phenol as only source of carbon. The reactor was built in acrylic with height of 190 cm and internal diameter of 5 cm, and total volume of 4192 'CM POT.3'. The half supports was constituted by particles of polystyrene (2,2 mm). The used sludge was the mud of slaughterhouse of swine, the time of hydraulic detention (TDH) it was 24 h, RALF was operated 30 ± 1 ºC for 182 days. The adaptation of the sludge happened in the own reactor, where it allowed a fast departure, 14 days, besides maintaining the anaerobic conditions in the reactor. The phenol concentrations treated were of 50 mg/L, 100 mg/L, 200 mg/L, 300 mg/L, 400 mg/L, 500 mg/L, 600 mg/L and 700 mg/L, where the taxes of real organic shipment applied varied from 0,09 to 1,29 kg fenol/'M POT.3'dia. The pH varied between 6,59 and 8,21 for the whole system. The alkalinity concentrations to bicarbonate (AB) influent and effluent were 180 mg/L and 294 mg/L, respectively. Efficiencies of phenol removal were verified and of superior DQO to 90% and 88%, respectively. In general, the results showed the potentiality of the system proposed in degrading liquid effluent containing phenol.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
amorim2007.PDF (7.50 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-05-04
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.