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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2014.tde-24092014-142629
Document
Author
Full name
Elyson Andrew Pozo Liberati
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Leonel, Edson Denner (President)
Libardi, Walter
Martins, Carlos Humberto
Title in Portuguese
Modelos de confiabilidade aplicados à análise de estruturas de concreto armado submetidas à penetração de cloretos
Keywords in Portuguese
Concreto armado
Confiabilidade estrutural
Corrosão de armaduras
Modelo de dano de Mazars
Segunda lei de Fick
Abstract in Portuguese
As estruturas de concreto armado são um dos tipos de estrutura mais utilizados no mundo e quando localizadas em ambientes não agressivos, respeitam a vida útil para a qual foram projetadas. Entretanto, a durabilidade dessas estruturas pode ser fortemente reduzida por processos de degradação de origens ambientais e/ou funcionais. Dentre esses processos, destacam-se aqueles que desencadeiam a corrosão das armaduras, sendo a difusão de cloretos um dos fatores de maior importância no desencadeamento do processo corrosivo. Apesar da robustez de diversos modelos propostos na literatura, abordagens determinísticas frequentemente falham ao prever o tempo de início da corrosão devido à enorme e à inerente aleatoriedade envolvida nesse processo. Neste contexto, a durabilidade pode ser mais realisticamente representada por meio de modelos probabilísticos. Este trabalho apresenta uma formulação numérica, baseada no Método dos Elementos Finitos (MEF), para a determinação de cenários de falha de vigas de concreto armado submetidas à penetração de cloretos. Nessa formulação, a não linearidade física do concreto é descrita pelo modelo de dano de Mazars e a variação da concentração de cloretos no interior do concreto é determinada por meio da segunda lei de Fick. Além disso, as leis de corrosão de Faraday são adotadas para a determinação da taxa de redução das áreas de aço ao longo do tempo. A partir das cargas de colapso calculadas pelo modelo mecânico, as probabilidades de falha são determinadas utilizando o algoritmo de confiabilidade FORM. Os resultados obtidos mostram a influência da corrosão na segurança estrutural de estruturas de concreto armado ao longo do tempo, assim como, seu impacto na durabilidade dessas estruturas.
Title in English
Reliability models applied to the analysis of reinforced concrete structures subjected to chloride penetration
Keywords in English
Fick's second law
Mazars damage model
Reinforced concrete
Reinforcement corrosion
Structural reliability
Abstract in English
Reinforced concrete structures are one of the most commonly used types of structures in the world and when these structures respects the structural life predicted when it is located in non-aggressive environments. However, the durability of these structures can be strongly reduced by degradation processes caused by environmental and/or functional origins. Among these processes, those related to reinforcement's corrosion are more outstanding, being the chloride diffusion one of most important factors that triggers the corrosion process. Despite the robustness of several models proposed in literature, deterministic approaches often fail to predict the time of corrosion initiation due to the huge inherent randomness involved in the process itself. In this context, the durability can be more realistically represented by probabilistic models. This work presents a numerical formulation based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) to determine the failure configuration of reinforced concrete beams subjected to chloride penetration. In this formulation, the non-linearity of the concrete is described by Mazars damage model and the variation of chloride concentration along concrete cover is determined by Fick's second law. Moreover, Faraday's law concerning corrosion is adopted in order to determine the reduction rate of steel areas over a period of time. The probabilities of failure are determined using the reliability algorithm FORM, which accounts the collapse Sloads calculated by the mechanical model. The results showed the influence of corrosion phenomenon on the structural safety of reinforced concrete along time as well as its impact on the structural durability.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-02
 
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