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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.18.2012.tde-12072012-083304
Document
Author
Full name
Vinicius Costa Correia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
El Debs, Ana Lúcia Homce de Cresce (President)
Haach, Vladimir Guilherme
Moreno Júnior, Armando Lopes
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da influência do uso de fibras de aço e de estribos no comportamento da ancoragem de barras
Keywords in Portuguese
Aderência
Ancoragem
Ensaio de arrancamento
Fibras
Abstract in Portuguese
O comportamento estrutural do concreto armado depende da união entre o concreto e a armadura. Esta união se estabelece por meio da aderência, que funciona como um mecanismo de transferência de tensões e garante a compatibilidade de deformações entre a armadura e o concreto. Este trabalho tem como objetivo investigar os efeitos da adição de fibras de aço e armadura transversal no comportamento da ancoragem. A investigação experimental foi feita por meio de dois tipos de ensaio de arrancamento de barras, sendo eles o modelo-padrão do RILEM-CEB-FIP e modelo proposto pelo autor, este considerando barras de pontas retas e com ganchos de 90º. Todos os modelos utilizaram comprimento aderente igual a cinco vezes o diâmetro da barra. As armaduras longitudinais eram compostas por barras de 10 mm e 16 mm e a resistência à compressão média do concreto era igual a 50 MPa no dia do ensaio. Foram utilizadas fibras de aço com ganchos nas extremidades, com relação de aspecto igual a 65, comprimento igual a 35 mm e fração volumétrica de 2% (157 Kg/m³). Também foram realizadas comparações com modelos teóricos, analisados através do estudo de bibliografias existentes e das normas NBR 6118:2003 e ACI-318-08. Os resultados experimentais mostraram que os estribos e as fibras exercem influência significativa na resistência ao fendilhamento do concreto. Observou-se ainda que, para os corpos de prova com barras de aço de 10 mm e 16 mm com pontas retas, as fibras estudadas exerceram pequena influência na resistência ao arrancamento.
Title in English
Study of the influence of steel fibers and stirrups on the behavior of the anchorage of bars
Keywords in English
Anchorage
Bond
Fibers
Pull-out test
Abstract in English
The structural behavior of reinforced concrete depends on connection behavior of concrete and steel. This union is established by means of bond, which serves as a mechanism to transfer forces and ensure the compatibility of deformation between the reinforcement and the concrete. This research aims investigating the effects of the use of steel fibers and stirrups on the behavior of the anchorage. An experimental investigation was carried out by means of pull-out tests according to the RILEM-CEB-FIP standard model and pull-out tests of straight and with 90º hooked bars, with a bonded length of five times the bar diameter. The longitudinal reinforcement bars were of 10 mm and 16 mm and concrete compressive strength was 50 MPa at the day of test. Steel fibers with hooked ends, aspect ratio of 65, and length of 35 mm and volumetric fraction of 2% (157 kg /m³) were used. Comparisons with theoretical models, analyzed through the literature review and recommendations of NBR 6118:2003 and ACI-318-08 were also performed. The experimental results showed that the stirrups and the fibers have significant influence on the cracking of the concrete. It was also observed that, for the specimens with steel bars of 10 mm and 16 mm with straight anchorage, the fibers had small influence on the pull-out resistance.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-09-04
 
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