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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2019.tde-15012019-112341
Document
Author
Full name
Thairyne Olivato
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Araujo, João Eduardo de (President)
Guirro, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira
Russo, Thiago Luiz de
Santos, Wagner Ferreira dos
Title in Portuguese
Análise funcional do efeito do campo magnético contínuo em gerbilos isquêmicos pós-injeção de apomorfina e racloprida
Keywords in Portuguese
Apomorfina
Campo Magnético
Gerbilo
Isquemia cerebral
Racloprida
Abstract in Portuguese
Há décadas os campos magnéticos (CMs) são alvo de investigação científica. Entretanto, o grande corpo de evidências, está relacionado a campos eletromagnéticos e não a campos magnéticos contínuos. Nosso interesse é direcionado para a modulação das respostas comportamentais e motoras, na preservação de neurônios pós-lesão isquêmica e na possibilidade de uma interferência funcional com drogas que modifiquem a neurotransmissão encefálica. Utilizamos 130 Gerbilos, alocados em 13 grupos experimentais. Grupos específicos foram submetidos a isquemia encefálica global bilateral e a implantação de um capacete magnético com potencia de 3200G. Quatro dias após os procedimentos cirúrgicos os animais foram avaliados no monitor de atividades e no Rotarod, após receberem uma injeção de Apomorfina (APO) (2,5mg /kg) ou Racloprida (RAC) (0,9ml/kg). Valor de p significativo <0,05. No monitor de atividades, os animais do grupo isquemia atravessaram o maior número de sensores horizontais (F12,117: 9,39) e verticais (F12,117: 10,60) do que todos os outros grupos. Animais isquêmicos injetados com APO e tratados com campo magnético atravessam um número menor de sensores do que os grupos isquêmicos. Os isquêmicos injetados com APO e estimulados com o polo norte dispararam menos sensores do que os isquêmicos injetados com APO. Animais injetados com RAC com ou sem estimulação magnética disparam menos sensores do que os animais isquêmicos e isquêmicos tratados com polo norte e sul. No teste do Rotarod, o grupo isquêmico apresentou o menor tempo de permanência no teste do que os demais grupos. Ainda, animais isquêmicos tratados com APO e RAC e estimulação magnética pelo polo norte apresentam maior tempo de permanência em relação aos grupos isquemia e isquemia injetado com Apo e RAC (F12,117: 11,29). Nossos dados confirmam a possibilidade de interação dos polos magnéticos e os mecanismos de ação das drogas utilizadas no experimento.
Title in English
Functional analysis of the effect of continuous magnetic field on ischemic gerbils after injection of apomorphine and raclopride
Keywords in English
Apomorphine
Cerebral ischemia
Gerbil
Magnetic Field
Raclopride
Abstract in English
For decades, magnetic fields (CMs) have been the subject of scientific research. However, the great body of evidence is related to electromagnetic fields and not to continuous magnetic fields. Our interest is directed to the modulation of behavioral and motor responses, the preservation of neurons after brain ischemic injury and the possibility of functional interference with drugs that modify brain neurotransmission. We used 130 gerbils, allocated in 13 experimental groups. Specific groups were submitted to bilateral global brain ischemia and the implantation of a magnetic helmet with power of 3200G. Four days after the surgical procedures, the animals were evaluated on the activity monitor and Rotarod after receiving an injection of Apomorphine (APO) (2.5 mg / kg) or Raclopride (RAC) (0.9 ml / kg). Significant p value was set as <0.05. In the activity monitor, the animals in the ischemia group crossed fired the largest number of horizontal sensors (F12,117: 9,39) and vertical sensors (F12,117: 10,60) than all the other groups. Ischemic animals injected with APO and magnetic field fired a smaller number of sensors than the ischemic groups and injected with APO. Animals stimulated with the north pole fired fewer sensors than ischemic animals injected with APO. RAC injected animals, with or without magnetic stimulation fired fewer sensors than ischemic animals or ischemic with north and south magnetic stimulation. In the Rotarod test, the ischemic group had the shortest permanence time in the test than the other groups. Still, ischemic animals treated with APO and RAC and North Pole magnetic stimulation present a longer permanence time in comparison to the ischemia group and ischemia with APO and RAC. Ischemic animals injected with APO and magnetic field pass through a smaller number of sensors than the ischemic groups and injected with APO. In the Rotarod test, the ischemic group had the shortest residence time in the test than the other groups. Still, ischemic animals treated with APO and north pole present a longer residence time in relation to the ischemia groups with APO and RAC (F12,117: 11,29). Our data confirm the possibility of interaction of the magnetic poles and the action mechanisms of action of the drugs used in the experiment.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-02-15
 
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