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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2017.tde-06012017-113726
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Lacerda Nogueira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Valera, Fabiana Cardoso Pereira (President)
Lima, Wilma Terezinha Anselmo
Martins, Regina Helena Garcia
Pignatari, Shirley Shizue Nagata
Tamashiro, Edwin
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da variabilidade genética de HPV nos aspectos clínicos da papilomatose respiratória recorrente
Keywords in Portuguese
Neoplasia laríngea
Papilomatose recorrente respiratória
Papilomavírus
Recidiva
Tipo
Variante
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A papilomatose recorrente respiratória (PRR) é uma doença benigna de enorme morbidade, com manifestações clínicas muito distintas, causada pelo papiloma vírus humano (HPV) dos tipos 6 e 11. Objetivo: Identificar os diferentes tipos de HPV e suas variantes relacionados com a PRR e estabelecer possível correlação clínica entre o tipo / variante viral e a agressividade da doença. Casuística e Métodos: Estudo prospectivo, realizado com 41 pacientes atendidos no Ambulatório de Laringologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo, entre os anos de 2008 e 2015, que apresentaram quadro de PRR. Foi realizada genotipagem viral das biopsias laríngeas e os vírus presentes foram relacionados com a evolução clínica de cada paciente e a agressividade da doença, pelo escore de Derkay, número de cirurgias e traqueostomia. Resultados: Dos 41 pacientes avaliados, a maioria era do sexo masculino (68,29%), e maiores de 12 anos (63,41%). Os menores de 12 anos apresentaram número de cirurgias e escore de Derkay significativamente maiores do que os pacientes mais velhos. Foram identificados somente os HPV dos tipos 6 e 11, na frequência de 73,17% e 26,83%, respectivamente. A agressividade da doença não mostrou relação com o tipo ou a variante do vírus, mas sim com a idade de apresentação clínica da doença. Conclusão: Os tipos de HPV e as suas variantes não apresentaram comportamento clínico mais agressivo na PRR no grupo estudado. Em contrapartida, a idade foi determinante para a agressividade da doença.
Title in English
Effect of HPV genetic variability on the clinical aspects of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
Keywords in English
Benign tumor
Papillomavirus
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, Recurrence
Type
Variant
Abstract in English
Introduction: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of enormous morbidity that presents very distincts clinical manifestations. It is usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), mostly types 6 and 11. Purpose: To identify the different HPV types and variants related to RRP and to establish a possible correlation between HPV type/variant and viral disease aggressiveness. Casuistic and Methods: This prospective study included 41 patients followed at the Outpatient Clinic of Laryngology of the Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, between 2008 to 2015, due to RRP. Virus genotyping was performed on laryngeal biopsies by PCR, and this information was associated to each patient's data regarding aggressiveness of the disease and clinical evolution, by Derkay's score, number of surgeries and tracheostomy. Results: Most patients were male (68.29%) and older than 12 years-old (63.41%). Patients younger than 12 years had a significantly higher number of surgeries and Derkay score than older patients. In all samples, only HPV 6 and HPV 11 were detected, in a prevalence of 73.17% and 26.83%, respectively. The aggressiveness of the disease was not related to the type or variant of the virus, but to the age of patient when the clinical presentation of the disease occurred. Conclusions: HPV types and variant of HPV showed no more aggressive clinical behavior in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in the studied group. In contrast, age was crucial to the aggressiveness of the disease.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-02-20
 
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