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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2009.tde-27092013-100251
Document
Author
Full name
Fábio Eduardo Zola
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Andrade, Jurandyr Moreira de (President)
Gebrin, Luiz Henrique
Murta, Eddie Fernando Candido
Silva, Alfredo Ribeiro da
Tiézzi, Daniel Guimarães
Title in Portuguese
Expressão da topoisomerase II alpha e do HER-2/neu como fatores preditivos de resposta clínica e patológica em pacientes com câncer de mama submetidas à quimioterapia neoadjuvante
Keywords in Portuguese
Câncer de mama
Efeitos
Fatores prognósticos.
Imunohistoquímica
Quimioterapia neoadjuvante
Tratamento
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a importância da expressão das proteínas topoisomerase II alfa (topo II) e HER-2 como fatores preditvos da resposta à quimioterapia neoadjuvante e prognóstico em pacientes com câncer de mama nos estádio clínico II e III. Pacientes e métodos: 99 pacientes receberam quimioterapia neoadjuvante com docetaxel (75mg /m²) e epirrubicina (50 mg/m²) em infusão endovenosa no dia 1 a cada 3 semanas após terem sido submetidas a biópsia incisional. Foi complementado tratamento sistêmico com quimioterapia adjuvante com CMF ou FEC de acordo com o estado axilar avaliada após a cirurgia definitiva e/ou hormonioterapia de acordo com a avaliacãodos receptores hormonais. Avaliamos a taxa de resposta ao tratamento neoadjuvante e a influência da topo II alfa e do HER-2 na taxa de resposta à quimioterapia neoadjuvante bem comona sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. Também foram avaliadas a expressão dos receptores hormonais. Resultados: a taxa de resposta clínica objetiva foi de 80,8 % com 9,1 % de resposta patológica completa. A expressão da topo II alfa nao apresentou significância nas taxas de resposta ou na sobrevida das pacietnes e nao houve correlação entre a expressão desta proteína e de HER-2. A superexpressão da proteína HER-2 foi associada com uma redução significante nas taxas de sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global (p= 0,04 e p= 0,004, respectivamente). Conclusão: a expressão da topo II alfa não demonstrou, em nosso estudo, ser fator preditivo ou prognóstico nas pácientes submetidas a quimioterapia neoadjuvante com docetaxel e epirrubicina.
Title in English
Expression of topoisomerase II alpha and HER-2/neu as predictive factors to clinical and pathologic response of breast cancer patients submitted to neoadjvant treatment
Keywords in English
breast cancer
HER-2/neu
neoadjuvant chemotherapy
topoisomerase II alpha
Abstract in English
The objective of this study is to evaluate the importance of the expression of the proteins topoisomerase II alpha (topo II) and HER-2 as predictive factors to response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the prognosis of patients diagnosed with clinical stage II and stage III breast cancer. Patients and methods: 99 patients have received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel (75mg /m²) and epirrubicine (50 mg/m²) through intravenous infusion on D1 q3 weeks, after submitted to pathologic specimen harvest. Systemic treatment was then complemented with CMF or FEC according to the status of axilla involvement after surgical staging and/or hormone therapy according tohormone receptor status. We evaluated the response rate to neoadjuvant treatment and the influence of topo II alpha and HER-2 expression on the response rate and disease free survival and overall survival. The expression of hormone receptors was also evaluated. Results: Objective clinical response was 78,8%, with 8,2% of complete pathological response.Topo II alpha expression did not correlate to response to chemotherapy or survival and there was no correlation between topo II alpha expression and HER-2 expression. Superexpression of HER-2 protein was associated to a significant reduction in disease free survival and overall survival (p=0,04 and p=0,004, respectively). Conclusion: topo II alpha expression did not demonstrate, in our study, to be a predictive nor prognostic factor to the patientssubmitted to neoadjuvant with docetaxel and epirrubicin.
 
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Publishing Date
2014-09-03
 
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