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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2018.tde-20072018-092758
Document
Author
Full name
Andressa Duarte
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Alfredo Ribeiro da (President)
Lourenço, Silvia Vanessa
León, Jorge Esquiche
Santos, Fabricio Passador
Title in Portuguese
A participação da via fosfatidilinositol3-quinase (PI3K)/mTOR no carcinoma epidermoide oral
Keywords in Portuguese
AKT
Câncer
Everolimus
mTOR
PI3K
Rapamicina
Torin1
Via de sinalização
Abstract in Portuguese
O carcinoma epidermoide oral (CEO) possui alta incidência no Brasil, correspondendo a aproximadamente 95% das neoplasias malignas orais. A biologia molecular do carcinoma de cabeça e pescoço é complexa e se desenvolve a partir da disfunção de várias vias inter-relacionadas. A via das PI3K/mTOR é conhecida por regular várias funções celulares, como a regulação do ciclo celular, migração, angiogênese, morfologia e organização do citoesqueleto. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto do bloqueio da via PI3K e mTOR na sobrevida celular, na adesão e na morfologia de células endoteliais, relacionando-o com o processo angiogênico. Em cultura de células, observamos que as inibições farmacológicas de PI3K ou do mTOR diminuem a viabilidade celular do CEO. Houve redução da expressão de PARP, um marcador de apoptose e pS6, uma proteína dowstream na sinalização do mTOR, após o tratamento das células de CEO com os inibidores de mTOR. Além disso, demonstramos que o tratamento com os inibidores de mTOR diminuem a capacidade das células do CEO em formarem clones. Foi observado ainda que o cultivo de célula endoteliais da veia umbilical humana (HUVEC, do inglês Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells) em meio condicionado (MC) proveniente de células de CEO, tratadas com inibidores de mTOR, resultaram em aumento da adesão celular e modificação na morfologia celular. Para investigar a influência dos fatores liberados pelas células tumorais na migração das células HUVECs, foi realizado ensaio de wound healing, em células HUVECs cultivadas em MC. Observamos maior migração das células HUVECs cultivadas em MC quando este era proveniente de células cancerosas tratadas com inibidor de mTOR. Ainda, investigamos a expressão da via VEGF nessa migração por meio do ensaio de ELISA. Observamos que no MC proveniente de células cancerosas tratadas com inibidor de mTOR havia maior presença de VEGF. Nossos dados sugerem que a via da PI3K/mTOR está envolvida na proliferação das células do CEO. Porém, a inibição de mTOR em células cancerosas pode liberar fatores, tais como VEGF, que influenciam na morfologia e migração de células HUVEC.
Title in English
The participation of the pathway Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) / mTOR in oral squamous cell carcinoma
Keywords in English
Não informado
Abstract in English
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high incidence in Brazil, corresponding to approximately 95% of oral malignancies. The molecular biology of head and neck carcinoma is complex and develops from the dysfunction of several interrelated pathways. The PI3K/mTOR pathway is known to regulate various cellular functions, such as cell cycle regulation, migration, angiogenesis, cytology, and cytoskeletal organization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of PI3K and mTOR pathway blockade on cell survival, endothelial cell adhesion and morphology, and to correlate it with the angiogenic process. In cell culture, we observed that pharmacological inhibitions of PI3K or mTOR decrease the OSCC's cellular viability. There was a reduction in the expression of PARP, a marker of apoptosis and pS6, a dowstream protein in mTOR signaling, after treatment of OSCC cells with mTOR inhibitors. In addition, we have demonstrated that treatment with mTOR inhibitors decreases the ability of the OSCC cells to form clones. It was further noted that human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) culture in conditioned media (CM) from OSCC cells treated with mTOR inhibitors resulted in increased cell adhesion and modification in cell morphology. To investigate the influence of the factors released by the tumor cells in the migration of HUVEC cells, a wound healing assay was performed on HUVEC cells cultured in CM. We observed a greater migration of HUVECs cells cultured in CM when it came from cancer cells treated with mTOR inhibitor. Furthermore, we investigated the role of the VEGF pathway in this migration through the ELISA assay. We observed that in CM from cancer cells treated with mTOR inhibitor there was a greater presence of VEGF. Our data suggest that the PI3K/mTOR pathway is involved in the proliferation of OSCC cells. However, inhibition of mTOR in cancer cells may release factors, such as VEGF, which influence the morphology and migration of HUVEC cells.
 
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ANDRESSADUARTE.pdf (1.75 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2018-07-26
 
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