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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2017.tde-07062017-134424
Document
Author
Full name
Anderson Luís do Nascimento
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Herrero, Carlos Fernando Pereira da Silva (President)
Riberto, Marcelo
Simão, Marcelo Novelino
Title in Portuguese
Estudo morfométrico do pedículo cervical
Keywords in Portuguese
Anatomia
Coluna cervical
Pedículo
Tomografia computadorizada
Abstract in Portuguese
A inserção do parafuso pedicular cervical é um procedimento cirúrgico tecnicamente desafiador. Assim, o amplo conhecimento da morfologia das vértebras cervicais, particularmente do pedículo, é essencial para minimizar o risco de ferimentos graves a estruturas neurovasculares. O objetivo deste estudo foi conduzir uma avaliação detalhada de exames de tomografia computadorizada (TC) na população brasileira do ponto de entrada, trajetória, e dimensões dos pedículos da coluna cervical. Duzentos pacientes consecutivos foram retrospectivamente avaliados utilizando a TC da coluna cervical, com a reconstrução da imagem de cada vértebra no plano axial com 2 mm, e no plano sagital com 3 mm. Os parâmetros no plano axial incluíram a espessura pedicular (EP), o comprimento pedicular axial (CPA), o ângulo pedicular transverso (APT) e a distância do ponto de entrada ao ângulo entre a lâmina e o processo espinhoso (DPE). As medidas no plano sagital envolveram a altura pedicular (AP) e o ângulo pedicular sagital (APS). A EP e AP média são menores nos pacientes do sexo feminino do que nos pacientes do sexo masculino em todas as vertebras cervicais, porém não houve diferença significativa do APT entre os sexos. O APS variou de 15,2° a 23,7°. Os valores médios do CPA e DPE apresentaram uma tendência a diminuir de proximal para distal na coluna cervical. A EP encontrada foi menor que 4 mm em 7,5% dos pacientes do sexo masculino (C3) e em 25% dos pacientes do sexo feminino (C3), e menores que 4,5 mm em 20% dos pacientes do sexo masculino (C3) e em 66% dos pacientes do sexo feminino (C3). A confiabilidade intra e interobservador foram muito boas para a medida tomográfica da EP, e boa para a AP. Para o CPA, a confiabilidade intraobservador foi boa, porém a confiabilidade interobservador variou de moderada a boa. Considerando o APT e APS, a confiabilidade intraobservador foi boa, mas a confiabilidade interobservador moderada para o APT e fraca para o APS. As medidas do DPE evidenciaram fraca confiabilidade intraobservador e fraca ou moderada confiabilidade interobservador. Nossos resultados apresentaram tendência similar aos de estudos prévios, no entanto a frequência de pacientes com a EP < 4,5 mm em nossa população é maior, sugerindo um risco aumentado durante a tentativa de realizar a técnica transpedicular
Title in English
Morphometric study of the cervical pedicle
Keywords in English
Anatomy
Cervical spine
Computed tomography
Pedicle
Abstract in English
Pedicular screw insertion is a technically challenged surgical procedure. Thus, extensive knowledge of the morphology of the cervical vertebra, primarily the pedicle, is crucial to reduce severe damage to neurovascular structures. The goal of this study was to conduct a detailed computed tomography (CT) assessment in the Brazilian population of the screw starting point, trajectory, and dimensions of pedicle in the cervical spine. Two hundred consecutive patients were retrospectively evaluated using cervical spine CT, with imaging reconstruction of each cervical vertebra in the axial plane with 2mm, and in sagittal reconstructions with 3mm. Parameters in axial plane included the pedicle width (PW), pedicle axis length (PAL), pedicle transverse angle (PTA), and the distance from the entry point to the point between the lamina and spinous process (DEP). Measurements in the sagittal plane involved the pedicle height (PH) and the pedicle sagittal angle (PSA). The mean PW and PH were smaller in females than in males in all cervical vertebrae, but there were no significant differences of PTA among genders. PSA ranged from 15.2° to 23.7°. Mean values of PAL and DEP had a tendency to decrease from the proximal to distal cervical vertebrae. PW was <4 mm in 7.5% of men (C3) and 25% of women (C3), and <4.5 mm in 20% (C3 male) and 66% (C3 female). The intra- and inter-observer reliability were very good for the tomographic measurement of PW, and good for PH. For PAL, the intraobserver reliability was good, but the interobserver reliability varied from moderate to good. Considering PTA and PSA, the intraobserver reliability was good, but the interobserver reliability moderate for PTA and poor or fair for PSA. DEP measurements showed poor intraobserver reliability, and poor or moderate interobserver reliability. Our results presented similar trend of previous studies, but the frequency of patients with PW <4.5 mm in our population is higher, suggesting an increased risk during the attempting of transpedicular screw technique
 
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Publishing Date
2017-08-11
 
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