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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2007.tde-17082011-161708
Document
Author
Full name
Raphaela Barroso Guedes Granzotti
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Takayanagui, Osvaldo Massaiti (President)
Fukuda, Marisa Tomoe Hebihara
Vilanova, Luiz Celso Pereira
Title in Portuguese
Estudo dos aspectos fonológicos e lexicais da linguagem em crianças de 03 a 07 anos de idade portadoras do HIV
Keywords in Portuguese
Criança
Fala
HIV
Linguagem
Vocabulário
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo desse trabalho foi verificar a competência lexical e a presença de distúrbios fonológicos na linguagem de crianças portadoras do vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV). A população estudada foi composta por 31 crianças com idades entre três anos e sete anos e onze meses, de ambos os sexos. Para a avaliação foi utilizado o ABFW Teste de Linguagem Infantil nas áreas de fonologia e vocabulário. Na avaliação do vocabulário 100% das crianças apresentaram resposta inadequada para a idade em pelo menos dois campos conceituais distintos e na avaliação fonológica 67,7% das crianças avaliadas fizeram uso de algum processo cuja idade prevista para a eliminação do uso produtivo já ultrapassaram, portanto, considerados como portadores de distúrbio fonológico. Além disso, as crianças que apresentaram maior comprometimento da linguagem foram aquelas em estado mais avançado da doença. Este trabalho nos mostrou que o grupo estudado é de alto risco para alterações de linguagem e que o acompanhamento fonoaudiólogico freqüente é fundamental para identificar as alterações precocemente e aumentar as possibilidades de superação das mesmas.
Title in English
Study of the phonologic and lexical aspects of the language in children from 03 to 07 years old affected by human deficiency virus infection
Keywords in English
Children
HIV
Language
Speech
Vocabulary
Abstract in English
The aim of this study was to assess the lexical proficiency and the incidence of phonologic disorders in the language of children carriers of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. The studied population was made up of 31 children with the ages between three years old and seven years and eleven months old, of both gender. For evaluation purposes the Test of Infantile Language - ABFW was applied in the areas of phonology and vocabulary. In the vocabulary evaluation 100% of the children presented inappropriate response for their age in at least two distinct conceptual fields. In the phonologic evaluation 67,7% of the assessed children were considered as being affected by some phonologic disorder. Furthermore the children who presented greater language impairment were the ones who were in a more advanced stage of the disease. This research has shown that the studied group presents a high risk for language disorders and that constant phonoaudiologic follow-up is essential to identify the alterations in a early stage thus increasing the possibilities of overcoming the disturbances.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-05-28
 
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