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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2017.tde-04012017-165133
Document
Author
Full name
Thiago Lins da Costa Almeida
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Carlotti Junior, Carlos Gilberto (President)
Miura, Flávio Key
Diniz, Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo
Peria, Fernanda Maris
Tirapelli, Daniela Pretti da Cunha
Title in Portuguese
Expressão dos genes EGFR, PTEN, MGMT e IDH1/2 e dos microRNAs miR-181b, miR-145, miR-149 e miR128a em neuroesferas em linhagens de glioblastoma submetidos ao tratamento com radiação ionizante e temozolomida
Keywords in Portuguese
genes
glioblastoma
miRNA
neuroesferas
radiação ionizante
temozolomida
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: O glioblastoma multiforme é a neoplasia maligna primária mais prevalente do sistema nervoso central. Enquanto apresenta aumento em sua incidência, mantém a perspectiva de sobrevida global aproximada de 14 meses. Objetivos: O presente estudo objetiva avaliar a expressão dos genes EGFR, PTEN, MGMT e IDH1/2 e dos microRNAs miR-181b, miR-145, miR-149 e miR-128a em neuroesferas (NE) e células aderidas (CA), a partir das linhagens celulares (T98G e U343) submetidas ao tratamento com temozolomida (TMZ) e com radiação ionizante (RI) isolados e em associação (TMZ+RI). Material e métodos: As linhagens celulares T98G e U343 foram tratadas com TMZ, RI e TMZ+RI. A verificação da expressão dos genes e miRNAs foi realizada utilizando o método de PCR em tempo real. Resultados: Observamos: a) o aumento na expressão do IDH1 após RI (4-fold) e TMZ+RI (5-fold) nas NE (T98G); o aumento na expressão do IDH2 (20-fold) nas NE (T98G), após TMZ, e do IDH2 (3-fold) nas CA (U343) submetidas à TMZ+RI; b) a redução na expressão do EGFR após TMZ; o aumento dessa expressão nas NE (T98G), após RI (2-fold) e TMZ+RI (3-fold), e a sua diminuição nas CA (U343) submetidas à TMZ e TMZ+RI; c) a redução na expressão PTEN nas NE (T98G), após TMZ e RI, e sua expressão nas NE (3-fold) frente à TMZ+RI; d) aumento na expressão de MGMT nas NE (T98G) nos grupos RI (10-fold) e TMZ+RI (25-fold). Quanto a expressão de miRNAs, foram identificados os seguintes resultados: a) as CA (U343) expressaram: miR-181b após TMZ (60-fold), RI (20-fold) e TMZ+RI (40- fold); e miR-128a após TMZ (500-fold), RI (200-fold) e TMZ+RI (600-fold); b) as NE (T98G) após TMZ+RI expressaram: miR-181b (30-fold), miR-149 (40-fold), miR-145 (300-fold) e miR-128a (40-fold); c) as NE (U343) após RI hiperexpressaram miR-149 e miR-145 (ambos em 4000-fold). Conclusão: A RI apresentou-se como fator independente e determinante para a radiorresistência das NE, entretanto não observamos ação de complementariedade de regulação dos oncomiRs observados sobre a expressão dos genes estudados. Esta é a primeira análise na literatura que correlaciona a expressão de genes e de miRNAs através das intervenções TMZ, RI e TMZ+RI sobre células aderidas e neurosferas.
Title in English
Expression of EGFR, PTEN, MGMT and IDH1 / 2 Genes and the MicroRNAs miR-181b, miR-145, miR-149 and miR-128a in Neurospheres In Glioblastoma Lineages Undergoing Treatment with Ionizing Radiation and Temozolomide
Keywords in English
genes
glioblastoma
ionizing radiation
miRNA
neurospheres
temozolomide
Abstract in English
Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most prevalent primary malignant neoplasm of the central nervous system. It has increased its incidence, while the overall survival remains over 14 months. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the expression of the following genes EGFR, PTEN, MGMT and IDH1/2 and microRNAs miR-181b, miR-145, miR-149 and miR-128a in adhered cells (AC) and neurospheres (NS) from cell lines (T98G and U343) which were submitted to temozolomide (TMZ) and ionizing radiation (IR), isolated and associated (TMZ + IR). Methods: The cell lines T98G and U343 were treated with TMZ, IR and TMZ+IR. The analysis of gene expression and miRNAs was performed using the PCR in real time. Results: This study demonstrated: a) an improvement in the expression of IDH1 after IR (4-fold) and TMZ + IR (5-fold) in the NS (T98G); increased expression of IDH2 (20-fold) in the NS (T98G) after TMZ and IDH2 (3-fold) in AC (U343) submitted to TMZ + IR; b) reduction in EGFR expression after TMZ; increase this expression in NS (T98G) after IR (2-fold) and TMZ + IR (3-fold), and a decrease in AC (U343) submitted to TMZ and TMZ + IR; c) reduction in PTEN expression in NS (T98G) after TMZ and IR, and its improvement in NS (3-fold) when compared to TMZ + IR; d) increase in the expression of MGMT in NS (T98G) in IR groups (10-fold) and TMZ + IR (25-fold). It was also identified the expression of miRNAs results as: a) AC (U343) expressed more miR-181b after TMZ (60-fold), IR (20-fold) and TMZ + IR (40-fold); and miR- 128a improved after TMZ (500-fold), IR (200-fold) and TMZ + IR (600-fold); b) NS (T98G) after TMZ + IR expressed: miR-181b (30-fold); miR-149 (40-fold); miR-145 (300-fold) and miR-128a (40-fold); c) NS (U343) after IR huge expressed miR-149 and miR-145 (both in 4000-fold). Conclusion: IR was an independent and determining radio resistance factor in NS. However, we observed no complementarity action of oncomiRs regulation. This is the first study in the literature correlating gene expression, and miRNAs through TMZ, IR and IR + TMZ interventions in AC and NS.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-02-14
 
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