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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.17.2008.tde-30052008-104355
Document
Author
Full name
Luciana Caricati Veiga Castelli
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Martelli, Lucia Regina (President)
Ferrari, Iris
Melaragno, Maria Isabel de Souza Aranha
Nogueira, Antonio Alberto
Pontes, Anaglória
Title in Portuguese
Hibridação Genômica Comparativa em Endometriose
Keywords in Portuguese
Citogenética
Endometriose
Hibridação Genômica Comparativa
Infertilidade
Abstract in Portuguese
A endometriose é uma doença ginecológica benigna comum, mas agressiva, caracterizada pela presença de tecido endometrial ectópico. A teoria mais aceita para explicá-la é a teoria de Sampson, na qual o tecido endometrial descamado durante a menstruação sofre refluxo através das tubas uterinas, adere e se prolifera em sítios ectópicos da cavidade peritoneal. Por outro lado, apenas o refluxo tubário não é capaz de estabelecer a doença e vários estudos sugerem uma etiologia multidimensional incluindo fatores hereditários, hormonais e imunológicos. Várias metodologias têm sido propostas com o objetivo de identificar genes candidatos para a endometriose. A hibridação genômica comparativa (CGH) é uma técnica que permite que o genoma inteiro seja analisado em um só experimento, sem a necessidade de cromossomos metafásicos obtidos por cultura celular. Nossa proposta foi avaliar, por CGH, amostras de endometriomas ovarianos e de tecido endometrial eutópico de dez pacientes com diagnóstico firmado de endometriose, para screening do genoma. No grupo eutópico, 6/10 amostras apresentaram alterações caracterizadas por perdas ou ganhos de regiões cromossômicas e no grupo ectópico foram encontradas alterações em 7/10 casos. A presença de perdas e ganhos de regiões cromossômicas no endométrio eutópico, histologicamente normal, de mulheres com endometriose ovariana, pode ser considerada como alteração primária ao desenvolvimento da doença. A metodologia de CGH permitiu a detecção das regiões cromossômicas 11q12.3-q13.1, 17p11.1-p12 e 17q25.3-qter como regiões críticas, direcionando investigações futuras para identificação de genes associados à endometriose.
Title in English
Comparative Genomic Hybridization in Endometriosis
Keywords in English
Comparative Genomic Hybridization
Cytogenetics
Endometriosis
Infertility
Abstract in English
Endometriosis is a common benign gynecological disease, very aggressive, characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue. The most accepted theory to explain it is Sampson's implantation theory, which says that the endometrial tissue exfoliated during menstruation undergoes reflux through the uterine tubes, adheres and proliferates in ectopic sites of the peritoneal cavity. On the other hand, only reflux is not enough to the establishment of the disease and a number of studies suggest a multidimensional etiology including hereditary, hormonal and immunological factors. Several methodologies have been proposed for the identification of candidate genes for endometriosis. The comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a versatile technique that allows the entire genome to be analyzed in only one experiment without the necessity of metaphasic chromosomes from the sample, excluding the cell culture. We aimed to evaluate, by CGH, ovarian endometriomas and eutopic endometrial tissue samples from 10 patients with confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis, for a genomic screening. In the eutopic group, 6/10 samples presented genomic imbalances and 7/10 cases showed alterations in the ectopic group. The presence of losses and gains of chromosomic regions in the histologically normal eutopic endometrium from women with ovarian endometriosis can be considered as a primary alteration in the development of the disease. The CGH methodology allowed the detection of chromosomic regions 11q12.3-q13.1, 17p11.1-p12 and 17q25.3-qter as critical regions, leading to future investigations for the identification of genes associated to endometriosis.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-06-24
 
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