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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.17.2017.tde-04012017-095955
Document
Author
Full name
Lenisa Geron
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Tone, Luiz Gonzaga (President)
Faça, Vitor Marcel
Gamero, Angel Mauricio Castro
Valera, Elvis Terci
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da modulação da via Wnt pelo inibidor de Aurora-quinases AMG900 em linhagens celulares de meduloblastoma pediátrico
Keywords in Portuguese
AMG900
Aurora-quinases
Meduloblastoma
Via de sinalização Wnt
Abstract in Portuguese
O meduloblastoma (MB) é o tumor cerebral maligno mais comum na infância. A formação/progressão desta neoplasia foi associada a alterações moleculares, que inclui a desregulação da via de sinalização Wingless (Wnt), responsável pelo desenvolvimento embrionário. Além disso, as proteínas da família Aurora-quinases (A, B e C) têm sido amplamente estudadas, uma vez que a Aurora A e B foram encontrados hiperexpressas em diversas neoplasias, como o MB. Estudos recentes mostraram que existe uma associação entre a Via Wnt e as Aurora-quinases. No entanto, poucos trabalhos foram realizados para confirmar essa associação. Ademais, não existem trabalhos que relatem os efeitos do AMG900, um pan-inibidor de aurora-quinases, em MB, dando enfoque na regulação da via Wnt. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a modulação da via Wnt pelo inibidor AMG900 nas linhagens celulares de meduloblastoma pediátrico. Foram realizados os ensaios de PCR convencional, sequenciamento, qRT-PCR, transfecção transiente, ensaio clonogênico, Western Blot e ciclo celular. As linhagens celulares UW402, UW473 e ONS-76 não apresentaram mutações no éxon 3 do gene CTNNB1 (?-catenina) e no éxon 15 do gene APC. Não foi observada uma expressão significativa de CTNNB1, confirmando que as linhagens não possuíam a via Wnt ativa. Com isso foi necessário a transfecção transiente com a ?- catenina. Após este ensaio, houve um aumento da expressão de CTNNB1, Ciclina D1 e CMyc nas três linhagens, o que não ocorreu com as Auroras A e B. No ensaio clonogênico foi observado uma redução do número de colônias nas linhagens UW473 e ONS-76. Observou-se um aumento da expressão proteica da ?-catenina, da Aurora A e B na UW473, o que ocorreu somente com a ?-catenina na linhagem ONS-76. Após o tratamento com o AMG900 ocorreu uma diminuição da expressão proteica de ?-catenina, da Aurora A e B em ambas as linhagens. A transfecção não alterou o percentil celular em G2/M na UW402 e UW473. Já na ONS-76 houve um aumento significativo em G2/M, e o AMG900 potencializou esse bloqueio apenas nessa linhagem. Os resultados sugerem que pode haver alguma relação entre a inibição das proteínas Aurora-quinases e a expressão de proteínas da via Wnt.
Title in English
Study of Modulation of the Wnt pathway by Aurora kinases inhibitor AMG900 in pediatric medulloblastoma cell lines
Keywords in English
AMG 900
Aurora kinases
Medulloblastoma
Wnt signaling pathway
Abstract in English
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in childhood. Tumor formation/progression has been associated to molecular alterations that include dysregulation of signaling pathway Wingless (Wnt), responsible for embryonic development. In addition, cell cycle proteins Aurora-kinase (A, B and C) have been widely studied since Aurora A and B were found overexpressed in many cancers such as MB. Recent studies show that there is an association between Wnt pathway and Aurora kinase proteins. However, few studies have been conducted to confirm this association. Moreover, there are no studies reporting the effects of AMG900 in MB, by focusing on the regulation of the Wnt pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate Wnt pathway modulation by Aurora kinases inhibitor AMG900 in pediatric medulloblastoma cell lines. Conventional PCR, sequencing, qRT-PCR, transient transfection, clonogenic assay, Western Blot and cell cycle assays were performed. UW402, UW473 and ONS-76 cell lines did not present mutations in exon 3 of CTNNB1 gene and exon 15 of APC gene. There was no significant expression of CTNNB1 and their target genes in these cell lines, confirming that they did not have Wnt pathway activated. Considering this, transient transfection was necessary. After this trial, there was an increase in expression of CTNNB1 gene and its target genes Cyclin D1 and C-Myc in the three cell lines, which was not observed in Aurora kinases. Furthermore, in the clonogenic assay, a reduction in the number of colonies in UW473 and ONS-76 cell lines was observed. It was also observed an increase in ?-catenin protein, Aurora A and B in UW473 cell line, but not in ONS-76 cell line. However, after treatment there was a decrease in protein expression of ?-catenin, Aurora A and B in both cells. Transfection did not change the cellular percentile in G2 / M in UW402 and UW473. In ONS-76 there was a significant increase in G2 / M, and the treatment with AMG900 potentiated this block only in this cell line. Results suggest that there may be some relation between the inhibition of Aurora kinase protein and protein expression in Wnt pathway.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-04-03
 
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