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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.16.2013.tde-12042013-141721
Document
Author
Full name
Edite Galote Rodrigues Carranza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Camargo, Monica Junqueira de (President)
Buzzar, Miguel Antonio
Koury, Ana Paula
Sandeville Junior, Euler
Silva, Fernanda Fernandes da
Title in Portuguese
Arquitetura alternativa: 1956-1979
Keywords in Portuguese
Arquitetura moderna
Contracultura
Cultura popular
Ecologismo
História da arquitetura paulista
Psicodelismo
Abstract in Portuguese
Esta tese trata de uma parcela minoritária da arquitetura paulista que foi partícipe da Contracultura brasileira, no período de 1956-1979. O trabalho teve como eixo temático a trajetória dos arquitetos Lina Bo, Sérgio Ferro, Rodrigo Lefèvre, Flávio Império, Eduardo Longo, Vitor Lotufo e Pitanga do Amparo; constatou a singularidade de suas produções em relação ao contexto hegemônico; analisou obras exemplares dessas produções através do re-desenho e levantamentos in loco; identificou correspondências entre tendências contemporâneas internacionais e o debate de ideias e ideais com a cena cultural ampliada às áreas de música, teatro, jornalismo, literatura, artes plásticas e cinema. A autonomia teórica e crítica e o comportamento diferenciado dos arquitetos elencados, constituiu-se num questionamento ao status quo sóciocultural, à linha hegemônica da Escola Paulista Brutalista e ao Estilo Internacional. Os projetos, da denominada Arquitetura Alternativa, se distinguiram pelas soluções plásticas, uso de materiais e técnicas construtivas vernaculares ou adotando novas abordagens, repúdio à serialização ou industrialização e busca de fontes de legitimação mediante interfaces multidisciplinares. A Arquitetura Alternativa, é, portanto, uma produção à margem da hegemonia que, por integrar a Contracultura brasileira, participou da Revolução Cultural que ocorreu em diversos países ocidentais nos anos 1950 e 1970.
Title in English
Alternative Architecture:1956-1979
Keywords in English
Counterculture
Ecology
Modern Architecture
Popular Culture
Psychedelic
São Paulo State Architecture History
Abstract in English
This thesis deals with a minor portion of the São Paulo state architecture that was part of the Brazilian Counterculture in the period of 1956-1979. The work had as main theme the trajectory of the architects Lina Bo, Sergio Ferro, Rodrigo Lefèvre, Flávio Império, Eduardo Longo, Vitor Lotufo and Pitanga do Amparo, and established the uniqueness of their productions in relation to hegemonic context; evaluated exemplary works of these productions through the re- drawing and on-site surveys; and identified correspondences among contemporary international trends and the debate of ideas and ideals with the cultural scene extended to the areas of music, theater, journalism, literature, visual arts and cinema. The theoretical and critical autonomy and the differentiated behavior of the architects listed, constituted in a challenge to the "status quo" social and cultural, to the hegemonic line of the "Escola Paulista Brutalista" and to the International Style. The designs, of the denominated Alternative Architecture, were distinguished by plastics solutions, use of vernacular materials and construction techniques or adopting new approaches, rejection to serialization or industrialization and search for sources of legitimation by multidisciplinary interfaces. The Alternative Architecture is therefore, a production on the sidelines of the hegemony, which by integrating the Brazilian Counterculture, attended the Cultural Revolution that occurred in many Western countries in the 1950s and 1970s
 
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Publishing Date
2013-04-23
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • CARRANZA, Edite Galote, e CARRANZA, Ricardo. Documento Pitanga do Amparo : psicodelismo, ecologismo e suprematismo. Revista Arquitetura e Urbanismo - AU, 2013, vol. 234, n. 234, p. 83-87. Pitanga do Amparo pertence ao grupo de arquitetos analisados na Tese "Arquitetura Alternativa:1956-1979!..
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
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