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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.12.2011.tde-08022012-182949
Document
Author
Full name
José Hamilton Maturano Cipolla
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Oliveira Júnior, Moacir de Miranda (President)
Correa, Hamilton Luiz
João, Belmiro do Nascimento
Nogueira, Arnaldo Jose Franca Mazzei
Rocha, Thelma Valeria
Title in Portuguese
Fatores do ambiente de negócios determinantes para a formação de centros de excelência: um estudo com subsidiárias de multinacionais no Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Centros de excelência
Diamante da vantagem competitiva nacional
Internacionalização
Multinacionais
Subsidiárias
Abstract in Portuguese
Este trabalho analisa os fatores do ambiente de negócios que favorecem a formação de centros de excelências (Frost; Birkinshaw; Ensign, 2002). Centros de Excelência são importantes fontes para a criação e desenvolvimento de tecnologia. A presença desses centros no Brasil pode significar um papel importante para o país na economia global do conhecimento, sendo relevante a compreensão dos fatores ambientais que possam levar à decisão das multinacionais estrangeiras em criar tais centros. Em relação aos instrumentos de análise do ambiente de negócios, foram utilizados os modelos do diamante da vantagem competitiva nacional de Porter (1989) e o do diamante duplo generalizado de Moon, Rugman e Verbeke (1998). O diamante nacional já foi utilizado em pesquisa realizada por Frost, Birkinshaw e Ensign, (2002). Esta tese ampliou a análise do ambiente de negócios com a perspectiva do diamante internacional, possibilitada pelo modelo do duplo diamante generalizado, o qual considera relevante o papel das multinacionais. Foi realizado um survey com amostra de 172 questionários respondidos por CEOs de subsidiárias brasileiras pertencentes a multinacionais estrangeiras. Os resultados mostram que os determinantes do diamante nacional são relevantes para o desempenho de 154 das subsidiárias entrevistadas, 89,53% da amostra. E, os determinantes do diamante internacional são relevantes para o desempenho de 118 empresas, ou seja, 68,60% da amostra. Entretanto a análise de regressão apresenta limitações quanto à capacidade do diamante nacional de propiciar a formação de centros de excelência.
Title in English
Factors of business environment determinants for the formation of centers of excellence: a study un subsidiaries of multinationals in Brazil
Keywords in English
Centers of excellence
Diamond of national competitive advantage
Internationalization
Multinational companies
Subsidiaries
Abstract in English
This thesis analyzes the factors of business environment that favors the formation of centers of excellence (Frost; Birkinshaw; Ensign, 2002). The centers of excellence have been seen as an important source for the creation and development of technology. The presence of these centers in Brazil could mean an important role for the country in the global knowledge economy, so it is relevant understanding the environmental factors that may lead to the decision of foreign multinationals to establish such centers. In order to analysis the business environment were used the models Porter's diamond (1989) of national competitive advantage and the approach by Moon, Rugman and Verbeke, (1998), the generalized double diamond model. The national diamond has been used in research by Frost, Birkinshaw and Ensign (2002). This thesis has extended the analysis of the business environment with the perspective of the international diamond, made possible by the generalized double diamond model, which considers the relevant role of multinational corporations. The research was a survey with a sample of 172 questionnaires sends to CEOs of foreign subsidiaries. The results show that the determinants of national diamond are relevant to performance subsidiaries of 154 respondents, 89.53% of the sample. And, the international diamond determinants are relevant to performance 118 companies, i.e., 68.60% of the sample. However, the regression analysis has limitations as to the capacity of the national diamond propitiate the formation of centers of excellence.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-02-28
 
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