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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.12.2016.tde-05092016-163806
Document
Author
Full name
Adriano Dutra Teixeira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Diaz, Maria Dolores Montoya (President)
Postali, Fernando Antonio Slaibe
Sarti, Flávia Mori
Tavares, Priscilla de Albuquerque
Title in Portuguese
Maior o peso, menor o salário? O impacto da obesidade no mercado de trabalho
Keywords in Portuguese
Endogeneidade
Heterogeneidade
Mercado de trabalho
Obesidade
Salário
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o aumento das taxas de obesidade, floresce o interesse sobre seus impactos no emprego. Diversas estratégias já foram empregadas na literatura de modo a quantificar estes efeitos, no entanto, há pouca evidência sobre os efeitos heterogêneos da obesidade, do salário e do tipo de ocupação (white e blue collar). Além disso, considerar a presença de endogeneidade da obesidade é prática cada vez mais demandada nas regressões de salário. Neste trabalho examinamos estas questões estimando o efeito do excesso de peso no salário com dados brasileiros provenientes da POF. A obesidade está associada à uma penalidade de 3,9% (VI) a 9,1% (MQO) no salário entre mulheres do grupo white collar. Mulheres do quantil inferior de salário são as mais penalizadas pela obesidade. Enquanto isso, estima-se que homens obesos white collar recebem em média de 7,2% (VI) a 14,4% (MQO) a mais que os não-obesos. O efeito positivo da obesidade é maior entre homens do quantil superior. A diversidade de resultados encontrados por grupos fortalece nossa estratégia de contemplar a heterogeneidade por tipo de ocupação
Title in English
The more you weigh, the less you make? Obesity and labor market outcomes
Keywords in English
Endogeneity
Heterogeneity
Labor market
Obesity
Wages
Abstract in English
With the increasing rates of obesity, there is growing concern regarding its impact on employment. Several strategies have been employed in order to quantify these effects, however, there is little evidence of heterogeneous effects of obesity, wages and occupation (white and blue collar). Also, acknowledge the presence of endogeneity in obesity is increasingly demanded in wage regressions. We examine these issues estimating the effect of overweight on earnings by using Brazilian data from POF. Obesity is associated with a penalty of 3.9 % (VI) to 9.1 % (OLS) in earnings between white collar women. Women's lower quantile are the hardest hit by obesity. Meanwhile, it is estimated that overweight white collar men receive an average of 7.2 % (VI) to 14.4 % (OLS) higher than non-obese individuals. The positive effect of obesity is higher among the upper quantile men. The diversity of results found by groups strengthens our strategy to consider the heterogeneity by occupation
 
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CorrigidoAdriano.pdf (642.32 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2016-09-09
 
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