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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2009.tde-10022009-083149
Document
Author
Full name
Cristiane Muller
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Lopes, Joao Roberto Spotti (President)
Azevedo Filho, Wilson Sampaio de
Silveira Neto, Sinval
Title in Portuguese
Análise faunística e flutuação populacional de cigarrinhas (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) potenciais vetoras de Xylella fastidiosa em pomares de ameixeira nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul e São Paulo, Brasil
Keywords in Portuguese
Ameixa
Bactérias fitopatogênicas
Cigarrinhas
Escaldadura da folha
Insetos vetores.
Abstract in Portuguese
A Escaldadura das Folhas da Ameixeira é o principal problema fitossanitário para a produção de ameixas no Brasil. A doença é causada pela bactéria Xylella fastidiosa, transmitida por cigarrinhas (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae, Cicadellinae). Neste trabalho foi realizado o levantamento, análise faunística e a flutuação populacional de Cicadellinae em pomares de ameixeira localizados nos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul (RS) e São Paulo (SP). A captura das cigarrinhas foi realizada com cartões adesivos amarelos (8,5 x 11,5 cm) em dois pomares de ameixeira de cada estado, localizados nos municípios de Paranapanema (SP) e Bento Gonçalves e Farroupilha (RS). Em cada pomar, foram instalados 20 cartões, distribuídos em 10 pontos espaçados 35 x 35 m, com duas alturas de amostragem (0,5 e 1,7m acima do nível do solo). Os cartões adesivos foram trocados quinzenalmente no período de setembro de 2006 a setembro de 2008. Com base na análise faunística, as espécies de cigarrinhas mais abundantes, constantes, freqüentes e dominantes foram analisadas para se conhecer a sua flutuação populacional. Nos dois pomares do RS foram coletados 1103 indivíduos de Cicadellinae distribuídos em 27 espécies. Destas, Erythrogonia dorsalis (Signoret, 1853), Sibovia sagata (Signoret,1854), Spinagonalia rubrovittata Cavichioli, 2008, Macugonalia cavifrons Stål, 1862, Dilobopterus dispar (Germar, 1821), Bucephalogonia xanthophis (Berg, 1879) e Molomea lineiceps Young, 1968 foram predominantes. Em SP, foram coletados 293 cicadelíneos, distribuídos em 10 espécies, sendo Oncometopia facialis (Signoret, 1854) e Molomea consolida Schröder, 1959 predominantes. Verificou-se uma menor diversidade e abundância de espécies de Cicadellinae nos pomares localizados em SP quando comparados com os pomares do RS. A distribuição populacional das espécies predominantes nos pomares do RS concentrou-se nos meses de janeiro a março, e em SP, de outubro a janeiro, correspondendo aos períodos de colheita e póscolheita em ambas as regiões. Os menores índices de captura de cicadelíneos foram obtidos nos meses de entressafra em todos os pomares amostrados.
Title in English
Faunistic analysis and seasonal fluctuation of sharpshooters (Hemiptera:Cicadellidae) that are potential vectors of Xylella fastidiosa in plum orchards in Rio Grande do Sul and São Paulo states, Brazil
Keywords in English
Cicadellinae
insect vectors
Plum leaf scald
seasonal fluctuation
Xylella fastidiosa.
Abstract in English
The plum leaf scald (PLF) is a major threat for plum production in Brazil. PLF is caused by the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa which is transmitted by sharpshooter leafhoppers (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae, Cicadellinae). In this investigation, we surveyed the Cicadellinae species associated with plum orchards located in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) and São Paulo (SP) states, Brazil, in order to identify potential vectors of X. fastidiosa in these regions. We also studied the seasonal fluctuation of predominant species determined by faunistic analysis. In each area, adult sharpshooters were sampled using yellow sticky cards (8,5 x 11,5 cm) in two orchards in Paranapanema (SP) and one in Bento Gonçalves and Farroupilha (RS), respectivelly. In all orchards, traps were spaced 35 m apart in 10 sample units. Vertical distribution was also evaluated by placing cards at 0.5 and 1.7 m above soil level in each sample unit. The survey was conducted during two years from September 2006 to September 2008, by removing sticky cards fortnightly. In plum orchards located in RS state, we collected a total of 1103 specimens of 27 sharpshooter species. Erythrogonia dorsalis (Signoret, 1853), Sibovia sagata (Signoret,1854), Spinagonalia rubrovittata Cavichioli, 2008, Macugonalia cavifrons Stål, 1862, Dilobopterus dispar (Germar, 1821), Bucephalogonia xanthophis (Berg, 1879) and Molomea lineiceps Young, 1968 were predominant in these orchards. We collected 293 individuals of 10 sharpshooter species in SP state, where Oncometopia facialis (Signoret, 1854) and Molomea consolida Schröder, 1959 were predominant. We found a lower diversity and abundance of Cicadellinae species in plum orchards located in SP when compared to RS state. The predominant species were more abundant from January to March in RS and, from October to January in SP, corresponding to plum harvest and pos-harvest periods in both regions. The lowest population of sharpshooters in plum orchards was observed during the plant dormancy period.
 
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Publishing Date
2009-03-02
 
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