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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2005.tde-29042005-153057
Document
Author
Full name
Marielen de Lima Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2004
Supervisor
Committee
Castillo, Carmen Josefina Contreras (President)
Brazaca, Solange Guidolin Canniatti
Schmidt, Flávio Luís
Title in Portuguese
Efeito de dois métodos de cocção - água e vapor - nos parâmetros de qualidade do músculo Semitendinosus.
Keywords in Portuguese
carnes e derivados – maciez
cozimento
microbiologia de alimentos
qualidade dos alimentos
tratamento térmico
Abstract in Portuguese
A produção industrial de carnes requer o conhecimento de seu comportamento durante o aquecimento. Visando o controle do processo, são necessários dados relativos às características microbiológicas da carne crua, a composição centesimal da carne cozida, o tratamento térmico aplicado e suas conseqüências na flora microbiana do produto. Avaliar a efetividade de diferentes tratamentos térmicos, os índices de qualidade e o rendimento dos cortes de carne são os objetivos deste trabalho. Foram utilizadas amostras de músculos Semitendinosus de carne bovina cozidas em dois meios de aquecimento, água e vapor, em duas temperaturas (70°C e 80°C). A efetividade do tratamento térmico aplicado às amostras foi avaliada através da elaboração da curva de penetração de calor em cada uma das amostras, calculando-se os valores P de pasteurização e as reduções decimais alcançada. Foram avaliadas as influências da temperatura e do tipo de aquecimento, isoladamente, na capacidade de retenção de água (CRA), assim como, a interação entre as variáveis. Os fatores i) perdas por cocção e ii) maciez objetiva foram analisados conjuntamente relacionando-as com as temperaturas e os tipos de aquecimento experimentados. Observou-se através de avaliação sensorial em que medida os fatores como a presença de tecido conjuntivo, suculência e sabor influenciaram a maciez do corte de Semitendinosus. Os resultados mostram que a temperatura de 70ºC não foi suficiente para a pasteurização neste experimento, tendo como microrganismo alvo o Clostridium botulinum tipo E. A maciez objetiva não foi influenciada por nenhum dos tratamentos. Na análise sensorial a variável maciez foi significativamente influenciada pela presença de colágeno de forma negativa e pela suculência de forma positiva.
Title in English
Effect of two methods of heating – waterbath and steam - in the parameters of quality of Semitendinosus muscle.
Keywords in English
cooking
food microbiology
food quality
meat and meat products
tenderness
thermical treatment
Abstract in English
The industrial manufacturing of meat requires the knowledge of its behavior in the course of the cooking process. To control the process it’s absolutely necessary to have data relative to the microbiological characteristics of the raw meat, the centesimal composition of the cooked meat, the thermal treatment applied and its consequences in the flora of the product. To evaluate the effectiveness of different thermal treatments, the levels of quality and the performance of meat cuts are the purposes of this work. Samples of Semitendinosus muscles of cooked bovine meat were submitted to two ways of heating, water and steam, under two temperatures (70ºC and 80ºC). The effectiveness of the applied thermal treatment to the samples was evaluated through the elaboration of the curve of penetration of heat in each one of the samples, calculating its P values of pasteurization and the decimal reductions reached. The influences of the temperature and the way of cooking have been evaluated, separately, in the water holding capacity (WHC), as well as the interaction between the variables. The factors i) cooking losses ii) objective tenderness were analyzed jointly relating them with the temperatures and the distinct ways of cooking. Sensorial evaluation was used to measure the influences of factors like conjunctive presence, juiciness and flavor over the tenderness of the cut of Semitendinosus. The experiment showed that the temperature of 70ºC was not enough to pasteurize the E type Clostridium botulinum microorganism. The objective tenderness was not influenced by any of the procedures. The sensorial analysis showed that tenderness was significantly influenced negatively by the presence of connective tissue and positively by the juiciness.
 
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Publishing Date
2005-05-10
 
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