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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.11.2005.tde-29112005-145301
Document
Author
Full name
Mariza Monteiro
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Vieira, Maria Lucia Carneiro (President)
Chabregas, Sabrina Moutinho
Gloria, Beatriz Appezzato da
Mendes, Beatriz Madalena Januzzi
Otoni, Wagner Campos
Title in Portuguese
Transformação genética de maracujá amarelo visando resistência à Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiflorae
Keywords in Portuguese
agrobacterium
bacteriose vegetal
maracujá
proteína de planta
transformação genética
Xanthomonas
Abstract in Portuguese
A bacteriose, ou mancha oleosa, doença causada por Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiflorae, é um sério problema em muitas áreas de produção de maracujá no Brasil, especialmente se associada à antracnose. A transformação genética é uma alternativa para obter plantas resistentes. Proteínas bactericidas, como as atacinas encontradas na hemolinfa de insetos, têm sido usadas para conferir resistência a espécies vegetais. Como as atacinas têm um peptídeo sinal que as direciona para o espaço extracelular em insetos, nós iniciamos este estudo investigando o direcionamento da atacina A em plantas. A seqüência do gene da atacina A (attA) com e sem o peptídeo sinal foi fusionada com os genes repórteres uidA e gfp e epidermes de cebola foram transformadas, via biobalística, com essas construções gênicas. A atacina A, de fato, é acumulada no apoplasto onde, justamente, bactérias fitopatogênicas se multiplicam antes de invadir as células vegetais. Visando obter plantas transgênicas resistentes à bacteriose, foram transformados tecidos foliares e hipocotiledonares com as linhagens LBA 4404 e EHA 105 de Agrobacterium tumefaciens contendo o gene attA. De um total de 313 explantes infectados, foram obtidos 31 brotos PCR+, o que representa uma eficiência de transformação da ordem de 10%. A expressão do transgene foi confirmada por RT-PCR e a resistência ao patógeno foi avaliada pela inoculação de X. axonopodis pv. passiflorae em folhas destacadas de plantas mantidas in vitro. Em dez plantas não houve formação de lesão foliar, indicando uma possível resistência ao patógeno.
Title in English
Genetic transformation of yellow passion fruit to confer resistance to Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiflorae
Keywords in English
agrobacterium
genetic transformation
passion fruit
plant disease
plant protein
Abstract in English
Bacterial spot disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. passiflorae is a serious problem in many passion fruit production areas in Brazil, especially if associated with anthracnose. Genetic transformation provides an alternative for obtaining resistant plants. Bactericide proteins such as attacins, found in the haemolymph of insects, have been used to confer resistance on plant species. As the attacins have a sign peptide that dispatches them to extracellular space in insects, we initiated our studies investigating the attacin A directing in plants. The attacin A gene (attA) sequence, with and without the sign peptide, was fused to uidA and gfp reporter genes, and onion epidermis were transformed using bioballistics with gene constructions. The protein did accumulate in the apoplast, where bacteria multiply before attacking plant cells. With the aim of obtaining transgenic plants of yellow passion fruit resistant to bacterial disease, leaf and hypocotyl-derived tissues were transformed with LBA 4404 and EHA 105 strains of Agrobacterium tumefaciens containing the attA gene. From a total of 313 infected explants, we obtained 31 PCR+ shoots, a transformation efficiency of 10%. Expression of the attA gene was confirmed by RT-PCR, and pathogen resistance evaluated by X. axonopodis pv. passiflorae inoculation in leaves obtained from in vitro plants. Leaf lesions were not observed in 10 shoots, suggesting a possible resistance to pathogen.
 
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MarizaMonteiro.pdf (1.41 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-01-30
 
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