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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2010.tde-24052010-105229
Document
Author
Full name
Alessandra Carolina Palhares
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2010
Supervisor
Committee
Vieira, Maria Lucia Carneiro (President)
Maccheroni Junior, Walter
Sluys, Marie Anne van
Title in Portuguese
Mapeamento genético de marcadores AFLP e de retrotransposons em cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum spp.)
Keywords in Portuguese
Cana-de-açúcar
Genomas
Mapamento genético
Marcador genético
Polimorfismo.
Abstract in Portuguese
No presente trabalho, AFLPs e marcadores baseados em retrotransposons foram utilizados para a construção de um mapa de ligação integrado em cana-de-açúcar. Dois retrotransposons encontrados no genoma da cana-de-açúcar, denominados SURE e Garapa, foram estudados. Os princípios da técnica NBS-profiling foram usados para gerar marcadores direcionados às sequências desses retrotransposons. Os marcadores foram analisados numa população F1 de cana-de-açúcar, composta por 188 indivíduos, oriunda do cruzamento entre os genitores IAC66-6 e TUC71-7. O mapa integrado foi construído usando-se o software OneMap, especialmente desenvolvido para mapear espécies não endogâmicas. Excelentes padrões de AFLP e de marcas direcionadas ao retrotransposon SURE foram obtidos; entretanto, para o Garapa, ainda são necessários ajustes na técnica. Um total de 600 marcadores de dose única foi obtido a partir de 22 combinações de enzimas de restrição/primers de AFLP e seis combinações otimizadas para amplificar marcas direcionadas ao retrotransposon SURE. Construiu-se um mapa com 107 grupos de ligação, com tamanho de 4.316,5 cM e densidade de 8,74 cM/marcador. O mapeamento dos marcadores derivados do retrotransposon SURE revelou que esse elemento não está uniformemente distribuído nos grupos de ligação e confirmou o seu baixo número de cópias no genoma da cana, conforme foi sugerido na literatura.
Title in English
Genetic mapping of AFLP and retrotransposon-derived markers in sugarcane (Saccharum spp.)
Keywords in English
Genetic mapping
Genetic marker
Genomes
Polymorphism.
Sugarcane
Abstract in English
In the presenty study, AFLPs and retrotransposon-based markers were used for the construction of an integrated linkage map of sugarcane. Two retrotransposons described in the sugarcane genome, named SURE and Garapa were studied. The principles of NBS-profiling technique were used to generate markers based on these retrotransposon sequences. The markers were analyzed in a F1-population, composed of 188 individuals, derived from a single cross between the IAC66-6 and TUC71-7 parents. The integrated genetic map was constructed using the software OneMap, specially designed for mapping outcrossing species. Excellent gel profiles of AFLP and retrotransposon-derived markers were obtained; however, for the Garapa element, technical adjustments are still needed. A total of 600 single-dose markers were obtained from 22 AFLP restriction enzyme/primer combinations and six combinations optimized to amplify the SURE-based markers. A map with 107 linkage groups was constructed, spanning 4,316.5 cM, with a marker density of 8.74 cM. Mapping of SURE-based markers revealed that this element is not uniformly distributed across the linkage groups, and confirmed its low copy number in the sugarcane genome, as suggested in the literature.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-06-10
 
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