• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.11.2008.tde-12062008-154014
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Mendes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Pizzirani-kleiner, Aline Aparecida (President)
Azevedo, Joao Lucio de
Camargo, Luis Eduardo Aranha
Fiore, Marli de Fatima
Sobral, Julia Kuklinsky
Title in Portuguese
Diversidade e caracterização genética de comunidades microbianas endofíticas associadas à cana-de-açúcar
Keywords in Portuguese
Bactérias
Cana-de-açúcar
Fungos
Microrganismos endofíticos
Organismos geneticamente modificados.
Abstract in Portuguese
A cana-de-açúcar é uma das principais culturas do Brasil e nos últimos anos está recebendo especial atenção devido ao crescente aumento da área cultivada e produção de etanol para uso como biocombustível. Considerando-se sua importância econômica e a possibilidade do uso de plantas geneticamente modificadas, essa cultura tem se tornado foco de pesquisas relacionadas à produtividade e sustentabilidade. Neste contexto, o estudo de comunidades microbianas associadas à cana-de-açúcar é de fundamental importância, pois além dessas comunidades desempenharem importante papel funcional na interação com a planta, os estudos realizados nas condições tropicais são limitados. Comunidades de fungos e bactérias associadas à cana-de-açúcar geneticamente modificada IMI-1 e sua isolinha convencional SP80-1842 foram sistematicamente isoladas de plantas cultivadas em área experimental em Piracicaba, SP, Brasil. Por meio de isolamento e PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) foi verificado que a transgenia não afeta a diversidade da comunidade fúngica associada à cana-deaçúcar. A diversidade dessas comunidades foi descrita e caracterizada molecularmente. O fungo Fusarium moniliforme apresentou alta freqüência de isolamento e também foi observado que o gene da endopoligalacturonase, pgIII, desempenha um importante papel no tipo de associação, endofítica ou patogênica, do F. moniliforme e a planta. O complexo Burkholderia cepacia constitui uma importante fração da comunidade de bactérias associada à cana-de-açúcar no Brasil e isolados deste complexo são capazes de inibir o crescimento do patógeno F. moniliforme. Análises filogenéticas indicaram que os isolados de bactérias endofíticas de Burkholderia são proximamente relacionados com linhagens-tipo do complexo B. cepacia isoladas de pacientes de fibrose cística.
Title in English
Diversity and genetic characterization of endophytic microbial communities associated with sugarcane
Keywords in English
Burkholderia cepacia complex.
Fusarium moniliforme
Microbial communities
Sugarcane
Abstract in English
In Brazil, the sugarcane is one of the most important cultivated crops. The sugarcane has received increased interest in the last years because of increase of the cultivated area and ethanol production to be used as biofuel. Considering its economical importance and the possibility of the use of the genetically modified plants; this crop has become the aim of current research for productivity and sustainability. In this context, the work on microbial communities associated with sugarcane is remarkable, because both, these communities play important functional role in the interaction with the plant, and studies performed in tropical conditions are limited as well. Fungal and bacterial communities associated with genetically modified sugarcane IMI-1 and its conventional isoline SP80-1842 were systematically isolated from plants cultivated in an experimental area in Piracicaba, SP, Brazil. The fungal communities associated with sugarcane were accessed by means of cultivation approach and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; the results revealed that these communities are not affected by transgeny. The microbial communities' diversity was characterized and identified by using molecular tools. The fungus Fusarium moniliforme showed high frequency in association with the plant and it was observed that the endopolygalacturonase gene, pgIII, plays important role in order to determine the sort of association, either endophytic or pathogenic, between F. moniliforme and the host. The Burkholderia cepacia complex is an integral part of the endophytic bacterial community of sugarcane in Brazil and isolates of this complex are able to control F. moniliforme growth. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that the endophytic Burkholderia are closely related to clinical isolates of the B. cepacia complex isolated from cystic fibrosis patients.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
rodrigomendes.pdf (2.69 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-07-01
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.