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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2010.tde-25022010-101815
Document
Author
Full name
Renata Oliveira Alvarenga
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Marcos Filho, Julio (President)
Cicero, Silvio Moure
Vieira, Roberval Daiton
Title in Portuguese
Testes para avaliação do vigor de sementes de milho superdoce
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise
Fitotecnia
Milho
Raiz primária
Sementes - Fisiologia.
Abstract in Portuguese
A avaliação eficiente do potencial fisiológico é fundamental para a composição de programas de controle de qualidade de sementes. O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar a sensibilidade de diferentes procedimentos para diferenciar o vigor de amostras de sementes de milho superdoce, com ênfase no teste de emissão da raiz primária. Utilizaram-se sementes dos híbridos ´SWB 551` e ´SWB 585`, cada um representado por seis lotes produzidos pela empresa Dow AgroSciences®. Avaliou-se a germinação e o vigor (primeira contagem de germinação, velocidade de germinação, envelhecimento acelerado tradicional e com solução saturada de NaCl, teste de frio, comprimento de plântulas, emergência de plântulas em campo e emissão da raiz primária). No teste de emissão da raiz primária, foram avaliados, a cada 12 horas, os efeitos de três temperaturas (15°C, 20°C e 25°C), utilizando-se dois critérios (protrusão da raiz primária e registro de plântulas com raiz primária de, pelo menos, 2mm de comprimento). Concluiu-se que o teste de envelhecimento acelerado (procedimento tradicional) é considerado adequado para a avaliação do potencial fisiológico de sementes de milho superdoce. O teste de emissão da raiz primária a 15°C, quando são computadas plântulas com raiz primária de, no mínimo, 2mm de comprimento, também permite diferenciar lotes de sementes de milho superdoce quanto ao vigor.
Title in English
Tests for evaluation of supersweet corn seed vigor
Keywords in English
Germination
Physiological potential
Primary root.
Seed analysis
Zea mays L
Abstract in English
The assessment of physiological potential is essential to compose seed quality control programs. This research was carried to verify the sensibility of different tests to evaluate the supersweet corn seed vigor, focusing on the protrusion of primary root test. Seeds of hybrids SWB 551 and SWB 585 produced by Dow AgroSciences® each represented by six lots were used. The evaluation of the physiological potential was achieved by germination and vigor tests (germination first count, speed of germination, traditional and saturated salt accelerated aging, cold test, seedling length, field seedling emergence and protrusion of primary root). In the protrusion of primary root test interpretation was performed every 12 hours at 15°C, 20°C or 25°C by two criteria (primary root protrusion and seedlings at 2 mm root stage). Results indicated that the traditional accelerated aging test is appropriate to assess supersweet corn seed vigor. The protrusion of primary root test at 15°C, when seedlings at 2 mm root stage are computed, also allows to rank supersweet corn seed lots according to vigor level.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-03-01
 
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