• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2019.tde-22112018-154045
Document
Author
Full name
Vanessa Nathalia Vargas Muñoz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Júnior, Nelson Sidnei Massola (President)
Bueno, César Júnior
Parisi, Marise Cagnin Martins
Silva Junior, Geraldo José da
Title in English
Detection and quantification of Colletotrichum abscissum from leaves of budwood increase block and citrus nursery plants by real time PCR
Keywords in English
Citrus disease
Molecular techniques
Nurseries
Postbloom fruit drop
Abstract in English
Brazil is the largest citrus producer in the world and has a large global citrus market share. However, several diseases affect the crop, being postbloom fruit drop (PFD) one of them. PFD has gained importance in São Paulo State for the displacement of citrus areas to regions with weather conditions more favorable for this disease. The accurate identification of the causal agent of the PFD has been performed and it was renamed as Colletotrichum abscissum. The origin of the initial inoculum is still an enigma for PFD epidemics and the hypotheses that the initial inoculum could be present in propagation material have been discussed but it has never been demonstrated. The objective of this work was to detect and quantify Colletotrichum abscissum from citrus leaves of budwood increase block and citrus nursery plants by qPCR. Four commercial citrus farms from São Paulo State, Brazil with budwood increase block and citrus nursery plants of Pera and Valencia sweet orange varieties were used for this work. C. abscissum was detected in budwood increase block and in nursery plant in both varieties (Valencia and Pera) at the four farms sampled. Out of 122 budwood increase block samples, 89 (73%) were positive for C. absicissum. From nursery plants, out of 175 samples, 129 (73%) were detected with the pathogen. The majority of the positive samples of budwood increase blocks and nursery plants contained 10 to 200 and 10 to 400 conidia of C. absicissum, respectively. With the methods used was not possible to isolate the fungus from vegetative material. This finding suggests a new long distances dispersion type of C. abscissum in the cycle of postbloom fruit drop by propagation material. Confirmation of C. abscissum in budwood increase block and nursery plants would lead to update regulations for the production of certified citrus nursery trees and searching for new control strategies of the pathogen.
Title in Portuguese
Detecção e quantificação de Colletotrichum abscissum em folhas de borbulheiras e mudas de citros por PCR em tempo real
Keywords in Portuguese
Doenças da laranjeira
Podridão floral dos citros
Técnicas moleculares
Viveiros
Abstract in Portuguese
O Brasil é o maior produtor de citros do mundo e possui uma grande participação no mercado global de citros. No entanto, várias doenças afetam a cultura, sendo uma delas a podridão floral dos citros (PFC). PFC ganhou importância no Estado de São Paulo pelo deslocamento de áreas de citros para regiões com condições climáticas mais favoráveis para a doença. A identificação precisa do agente causal do PFC foi realizada, tendo sido renomeado como Colletotrichum abscissum. A origem do inóculo inicial ainda é um enigma para as epidemias de PFC e as hipóteses do que o inóculo inicial poderia estar presente no material de propagação já foram discutidas, mas nunca foram demonstradas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi detectar e quantificar Colletotrichum abscissum em folhas de borbulheiras e mudas de citros por meio de qPCR. Neste trabalho, foram utilizadas quatro fazendas comerciais de citros do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, com borbulheiras e viveiros de mudas de citros das variedades laranja Pera e Valência. C. abscissum foi detectado em borbulheiras e em mudas em ambas as variedades (Valência e Pêra) nas quatro fazendas amostradas. Das 122 amostras de folhas de borbulheiras, 89 (73%) foram positivas para C. absicissum. Das 175 amostras de folhas de mudas de citros, 129 (73%) foram detectadas com o patógeno. A maioria das amostras positivas de borbulheiras e mudas de citros continham 10 a 200 e 10 a 400 conídios de C. absicissum, respectivamente. Com os métodos utilizados, não foi possível isolar o fungo do material vegetativo. Esta descoberta sugere um novo tipo de dispersão a longas distâncias de C. abscissum no ciclo de podridão floral dos citros por meio do material de propagação. A confirmação de C. abscissum nas borbulheiras e mudas de citros levaria à atualização da regulamentação para a produção de mudas de citros certificadas e à busca de novas estratégias de controle do patógeno.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2019-01-09
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.