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Mémoire de Maîtrise
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2008.tde-17072008-161034
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Diogo Aparecido de Jesus Togni
Adresse Mail
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
Piracicaba, 2008
Directeur
Jury
Menten, Jose Otavio Machado (Président)
Furlan, Silvânia Helena
Novembre, Ana Dionisia da Luz Coelho
Titre en portugais
Contribuição do tratamento de sementes de soja (Glycine max L. Merril) com fungicidas no manejo da ferrugem asiática
Mots-clés en portugais
Ferrugem (doença de planta)
Fitotoxicidade
Fungicidas
Fungos fitopatogênicos
Produtos fitossanitários
Sementes
Soja.
Resumé en portugais
O tratamento de sementes tem como objetivo tradicional erradicar ou reduzir os fungos associados às sementes, além de protegê-las de patógenos presentes no solo. Algumas doenças que ocorrem na parte área das plantas podem ser manejadas através do tratamento das sementes com produtos sistêmicos. Essa forma de controle tem sido utilizada há muitos anos, visando o controle de fungos biotróficos em arroz e trigo. A ferrugem asiática da soja é a principal doença que ataca a cultura, a qual necessita de ferramentas eficientes para seu manejo. O objetivo desta dissertação foi verificar a contribuição do tratamento de sementes de soja com produtos fitossanitários no manejo da ferrugem asiática. Desta forma, produtos fitossanitários foram aplicados às sementes de soja em diferentes doses, a fim de se verificar os efeitos fitotóxicos sobre sementes e plântulas que eventualmente fossem causados pelos mesmos. As maiores doses não fitotóxicas de cada tratamento foram selecionadas, novamente aplicadas às sementes e distribuídas em campo experimental, onde se verificou o efeito do tratamento das sementes isoladamente ou com a aplicação foliar de fungicidas foliares, no manejo da ferrugem asiática da soja. Ciproconazol + azoxistrobina (10,0 + 25,0g i.a./100kg de sementes), difenoconazol (50,0), epoxiconazol (2,5), fluquinconazol (50,0), flutriafol (10,0), flutriafol TS (5,0), flutriafol + tiofanato metílico (10,0 + 50,0), tebuconazol (10,0), tebuconazol + trifloxistrobina (10,0 + 5,0), tetraconazol (10,0), triticonazol (25,0), acibenzolar-S-methyl (50,0) e pó de rocha (2,0) não apresentaram fitotoxicidade e foram comparados em campo. Ciproconazol + azoxistrobina (25,0 + 10,0g i.a./100kg de sementes) e epoxiconazol (2,5) diminuíram a emergência das plântulas de soja em campo. No ensaio somente com tratamento de sementes, sem aplicação de fungicida foliar, tebuconazol e tebuconazol + trifloxistrobina diminuíram a ferrugem asiática em plantas de soja. Quando se integrou a pulverização foliar de fungicidas, fluquinconazol, tebuconazol e tebuconazol + trifloxistrobina, diminuíram a severidade da ferrugem asiática da soja. Apesar de não aumentar o rendimento da cultura, o tratamento de sementes pode contribuir no manejo da ferrugem asiática da soja, mantendo a segurança e o rendimento do produtor.
Titre en anglais
Contribution of soybean (Glycine max L. Merril) seed treatment with fungicides in the management of asian rust
Mots-clés en anglais
Phakopsora pachyrhizi
Phytosanitary Products
Phytotoxic.
Severity
Systemic
Triazole
Resumé en anglais
Seed treatment has as traditional objective to eradicate or to reduce fungi associated with seeds and to protect them from soilborne pathogens. Some diseases that occur in the aerial part of plants may be managed through seed treatment with systemic products. This kind of control has been used for many years, aiming the control of biotrophic fungi in rice and wheat. Soybean's asian rust is the main disease that attacks the culture, which needs efficient tools for its management. The objective of this study was to verify the contribution of soybean seed treatment with phytosanitary products in the management of asian rust. In this case, phytosanitary products were applied to soybean seeds in different doses, aiming to verify the phytotoxicity effects onto seeds and seedlings that eventually would be caused by these products. The highest non phytotoxic doses of each treatment were selected, applied again to seeds and these were distributed on experimental field, where it was verified the effect of each seed treatment with and without foliar application of fungicides, in the management of soybean's asian rust. Ciproconazol + azoxystrobin (10,0 + 25,0g a.i./100kg of seeds), difenoconazol (50,0), epoxiconazol (2,5), fluquinconazole (50,0), flutriafol (10,0), flutriafol TS (5,0), flutriafol + thiophanate-methyl (10,0 + 50,0), tebuconazole (10,0), tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin (10,0 + 5,0), tetraconazole (10,0), triticonazole (25,0), acibenzolar-S-methyl (50,0) and rock powder (2,0) did not present phytotoxicity and were compared in field. Ciproconazol + azoxystrobin (25,0 + 10,0g a.i./100kg of seeds) and epoxiconazol (2,5) decreased the seedling's emergency in field. In the experiment with only seed treatment, with no foliar fungicide application, tebuconazole and tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin decreased asian rust in soybean plants. When the application of foliar fungicide was integrated, fluquinconazole, tebuconazole and tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin the asian rust severity decreased. Despite there was no increase in the culture yield, seed treatment can contribute in asian rust´s management, increasing the safety an the revenue of the producer.
 
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Date de Publication
2008-07-24
 
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