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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2009.tde-13102009-142533
Document
Author
Full name
Dárcio de Carvalho Borges
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Inomoto, Mario Massayuki (President)
Ferraz, Luiz Carlos Camargo Barbosa
Oliveira, Claudio Marcelo Gonçalves de
Title in Portuguese
Reação de culturas de cobertura utilizadas no sistema de plantio direto ao nematóide das lesões Pratylenchus brachyurus e ao nematóide das galhas, Meloidogyne incognita
Keywords in Portuguese
Aveia
Milheto
Nematóides parasitos de plantas
Plantio Direto
Resistência genética de plantas
Título.
Abstract in Portuguese
Na região dos cerrados, as principais culturas de cobertura utilizadas para a produção de palha no sistema de plantio direto são o milheto (Pennisetum glaucum R. BR.) e as aveias (Avenas spp.). No entanto, a resposta dessas espécies vegetais frente ao nematóide das lesões (Pratylenchus brachyurus) e o das galhas (Meloidogyne incognita) são escassas. O objetivo do presente trabalho é de verificar a resposta de genótipos de milhetos, aveias e outras coberturas vegetais a Pratylenchus brachyurus e de aveias a Meloidogyne incognita sob condições controladas. Desenvolveram-se quatro experimentos no total, no experimento 1, os cultivares de milhetos testados foram resistentes ao nematóide (FR<1,0) com exceção da cultivar ADR 500 (população BA). No experimento 2, as aveias pretas contribuíram para a redução populacional (resistentes) de P. brachyurus, fato oposto, pode ser verificado para as aveias branca e amarela (suscetíveis). No terceiro experimento, diferentemente do verificado no experimento 1, os milhetos se mostraram suscetíveis a P. brachyurus, e, o sorgo BRS-800 foi a cobertura que mais incrementou a densidade do nematóide, equiparando-se estatisticamente com a soja BRS 133. No quarto experimento, verificou-se aumento da densidade das três populações de M. incognita nas aveias pretas testadas, em contraposição à redução verificada na aveia branca UFRGS 17 e amarela São Carlos.
Title in English
Host status of cover crops used in no tillage system to lesion nematode Pratylenchus brachyurus and to root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita
Keywords in English
no-tillage system
oats
Pearl millet
plant genetic resistance.
plant-parasitic nematodes
Abstract in English
In Cerrado region, the main cover crop used in no tillage system are the pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and the oats (Avena spp.). However, the response of these vegetable species to lesion nematode (Pratylenchus brachyurus) and to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) is scarce. The aim of the present work was verify the response of the pearl millet genotypes, oats and other cover crops to P. brachyurus and of oats to M. incognita under greenhouse conditions. Four experiments were done; in experiment 1, the pearl millet cultivars tested were resistant to nematode (FR<1.0) with exception of the cultivar ADR 500 (population BA). In experiment 2, the black oats reduced the P. brachyurus population (resistant); contrarily, white and yellow oats were susceptible. In third experiment, the pearl millets showed as susceptible to P. brachyurus, and the sorghum BRS-800 was the cover crop more susceptible to nematode, statistically closed to soybean BRS 133. In experiment 4, black oats increased the three populations of M. incognita tested, instead the reduction verified in white oat UFRGS 17 and yellow São Carlos.
 
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Darcio_Borges.pdf (192.40 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-10-23
 
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