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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Fatima Aparecida da Silva-Barreto
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Camargo, Luis Eduardo Aranha (President)
Brunelli, Kátia Regiane
Massola Júnior, Nelson Sidnei
Title in Portuguese
Identificação de marcador molecular ligado ao gene Pm-1 que confere resistência a raça 1 de oídio (Podosphaera xanthii) em melão (Cucumis melo L.)
Keywords in Portuguese
Genes
Marcador molecular
Melão
Oídio
Resistência genética vegetal
Abstract in Portuguese
A cultura do meloeiro é de grande importância econômica no Brasil, sendo a região Nordeste a principal produtora e exportadora do fruto. A baixa resistência aos principais patógenos é um dos fatores limitantes para a competitividade brasileira da cultura no mercado internacional. Uma das doenças mais importantes é o oídio, causado por Podosphaera xanthii. Geralmente, o controle de P. xanthii é obtido com o uso de fungicidas. Porém, é necessário empregar medidas mais econômicas e que não agridam o ambiente, como a utilização de cultivares resistentes. O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar marcadores moleculares de vários tipos ligados ao gene Pm-1 de resistência à raça 1 de P. xanthii com o intuito de auxiliar programas de melhoramento genético. Para tanto foram utilizadas duas linhagens quase-isogênicas (LQI) de melão AF426pm1 (P1) e AF426Pm1 (P2), ambas pertencentes à variedade inodorus, que são contrastantes para ausência e presença, respectivamente, do gene Pm-1. Para a análise de co-segregação entre gene e marcadores candidatos, foi utilizada uma população de retrocruzamento RC1F1, fenotipada para resistência a raça 1 de oídio, obtida a partir do cruzamento entre linhagens. As técnicas de LM-PCR e AFLP resultaram em marcadores polimórficos, porém somente os encontrados com a técnica de AFLP puderam ser utilizados como marcadores no teste de co-segregação. Foram encontrados dois marcadores AFLP. No entanto, somente um, denominado HF155 mostrou-se ligado a uma distância de 4,9 cM do gene Pm-1. Devido à proximidade deste marcador ao gene este pode ser utilizado em programas de seleção assistida por marcadores, visando o melhoramento de linhagens com resistência ao P. xanthii.
Title in English
Identification of molecular marker linked to the Pm-1 gene that confers resistance to race 1 of to powdery mildew (Podosphaera xanthii) in melon (Cucumis melo L.)
Keywords in English
Gene
Melon
Molecular marker
Powdery mildew
Resistance genetic plant
Abstract in English
Melon crop is of great economical importance in Brazil being the Northeast region the main producer and exporter of the fruit. The low levels of resistance to pathogens is one of the restricting factors for the Brazilian competitiveness worldwide. One of the most important diseases is powdery mildew caused by Podosphaera xanthii. Generally, the control of P. xanthii is achieved with the use of fungicides. However it is necessary to use less expensive control methods with a minimum environmental impact such as resistant cultivars. The objective of this work was to identify molecular markers linked to the Pm-1 gene which confers resistance to race 1 of P. xanthii with the purpose of assisting boding program. Two near isogenic lines (LQIs) of melon Agro AF426pm1 (P1) and AF426Pm1 (P2), both belonging to the inodorus variety, which are respectivally contrasting for abscence and presence of Pm-1 gene were analyzed. For the cosegregation analyses between gene and candidate markers, it was used the BC1F1 population was used screened for resistance to powdery mildew and obtained from a cross between the LQIs. The LM-PCR and AFLP techniques were efficient in the polymorphisms detection, however only those ones which were found using AFLP technique could be used as markers in the co-segregation test. It was found two markers with this technique but just the HF155 is located 4.9 cM of the Pm-1 gene. Due the proximity of the HF155 marker to the Pm-1 gene this one can be used in markerassisted selection aiming to develop melon cultivars resistant to P. xanthii.
 
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FatimaBarreto.pdf (977.57 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-08-20
 
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