• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.11.2006.tde-02032006-155032
Document
Author
Full name
André Boldrin Beltrame
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Piracicaba, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Pascholati, Sergio Florentino (President)
Fiore, Marli de Fatima
Piero, Robson Marcelo Di
Title in Portuguese
Efeito de cianobactérias e algas eucarióticas na resistência de plantas de fumo contra o Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)
Keywords in Portuguese
algas
controle biológico – fitossanidade
fumo
metabolismo vegetal – alteração
mosaico – doença de planta
vírus de plantas
Abstract in Portuguese
As algas produzem uma grande diversidade de compostos com atividade biológica, inclusive que agem diretamente sobre vírus ou como indutores de fitoalexinas. Em vista disso, foi investigada a redução de sintomas causados por Tobacco mosaic vírus (TMV) em plantas de fumo tratadas com cianobactérias ou algas eucarióticas, além de se tentar elucidar o modo de ação das algas no patossistema estudado. Quando as plantas de fumo foram tratadas dois dias antes da inoculação, foi verificado que suspensões dos isolados 004/02, 008/02, 061/02, Anabaena sp. e Nostoc sp. 61, bem como as preparações do conteúdo intracelular do isolado 004/02 (4 C) e do filtrado do meio de cultivo do isolado 061/02 (61 M) apresentaram efeito na redução dos sintomas de TMV em plantas de fumo, cultivar TNN. Além disso, foi estudado o efeito direto das algas sobre as partículas de vírus. Os resultados mostraram que os isolados Anabaena sp., Nostoc sp. 21, Nostoc sp. 61 e 090/02 apresentam compostos que agem diretamente sobre o TMV. Para tentar elucidar o mecanismo de ação das algas no patossistema estudado, diversos parâmetros bioquímicos foram investigados. Foi detectado que a preparação 4 C aumentou a atividade de peroxidases e que todos os tratamentos analizados reduziram a atividade de β-1,3-glucanase em folhas de fumo a partir do quarto dia após o tratamento das plantas. Por sua vez, as suspensões dos isolados 008/02 e 061/02 e a preparação 61 M proporcionaram maior acúmulo de superóxido, enquanto que a preparação 4 C reduziu o acúmulo de peróxido de hidrogênio, em relação aos controles água destilada e meio de cultura BG 11, 37 horas após a inoculação do vírus. Em vista disso, as algas podem ser utilizadas como agentes de controle biológico, por apresentar ação direta sobre fitopatógenos ou alterarem o metabolismo de plantas, o que pode estar associado com a sintese de compostos de defesa.
Title in English
Effect of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic algae on the resistance of tobacco plants against Tobacco mosaic virus
Keywords in English
algae
bilogical control
mosaic
phytosanitary
plant diseases
plant metabolism - changes
plant virus
tobacco
Abstract in English
Algae produce several different compounds that show biological activity, including ones with antiviral activity or that act as phytoalexin inducers. Thus, it was investigated the reduction of Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) symptoms on tobacco plants treated with cyanobacteria or eukaryotic algae, and it was studied the way of action of algae on the studied pathosystem. When the tobacco plants were treated two days before the inoculation, it was verified that the suspension of 004/02, 008/02, 061/02 Anabaena sp., and Nostoc sp. 61 strains as well as the intracellular preparation of 004/02 strain (4 C) and the medium filtrated from 061/02 strain (61 M) reduced TMV symptoms on tobacco plants, cultivar TNN. Furthermore, it was studied the direct effect of the algae suspensions on virus particles. The results showed that Anabaena sp., Nostoc sp. 21, Nostoc sp. 61 and 090/02 strains have compounds with direct activity on TMV. To try to elucidate the way of the action of algae, on the studied pathosystem, several biochemical parameters were investigated. It was seen that the preparation 4 C increase peroxidase activity and all treatments decrease β-1,3-glucanase activity on tobacco leaves from the forth day on after the treatment. Moreover, 008/02 and 061/02 strains and the 61 M preparation caused higher superoxide accumulation, and the preparation 4 C decreased hydrogen peroxide accumulation when compared to the controls distilled water and BG 11 medium 37 hour after virus inoculation. In this way, the algae could be a biocontrol agents, because it shows direct action on phytopathogens and/or change the metabolism of the plants, that could be associated with the synthesis of deffence compounds.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
AndreBeltrame.pdf (974.30 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-03-07
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.